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Translocated Down Syndrome

explanatory Essay
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950 words
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Translocated Down Syndrome Translocated Down Syndrome is genetically passed on from a parent’s gene to its child (Clinical Key, 2012). In this paper we will look at a short description of what Down syndrome really is, the genetic causes of Translocated Down syndrome, symptoms, characteristics, medications, intervention programs and testing for Down syndrome while an infant is still in the womb. The effects of Down syndrome are caused by an extra chromosome. “a genetic disorder, associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21” (Dictionary.com, 2014). People with Down syndrome have a different look to them, as their eyes are normally slanted, they are much shorter, whether their parents are tall or not and their tongue/mouth isn’t structured the same as everyone else’s (WebMD, 2014). These are many of the characteristics of Down syndrome. Translocated is the only genetic cause of Down syndrome known to be passed along through a parent’s gene. The parent might be the carrier of the defect or it might be an unsuspected trait (Clinical Key, 2012). Translocated is a rare cause, but it is definitely not impossible. What happens is chromosome 21 links itself to other chromosomes. This happens previous to conception or it can happen during. People with translocated still have the regular chromosome 21, but they have extra stuff from chromosome 21 added onto the translocated chromosome (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Translocated is another form of Down syndrome, with the difference of it being passed along by genetics. There are two different types of symptoms: There are physical and intellectual symptoms. Some of the physical symptoms are a smaller neck, eyes are slanted upward, hands are wider than normal and both their hands and finge... ... middle of paper ... ...ichd.nih.gov/health/topics/down/conditioninfo/Pages/symptoms.aspx Dr. Michelle, W. (2013). Down's syndrome. Retrieved from April 5, 2014 http://www.patient.co.uk/health/downs-syndrome-leaflet Fergus, K. (2009, March 29). Treatment of down syndrome. Retrieved from April 5, 2014 http://downsyndrome.about.com/od/downsyndrometreatments/a/Treatmentess_ro.htm NADS. (2012). Facts about down syndrome. Retrieved from April 9, 2014 http://www.nads.org/pages_new/facts.html WebMD. (2014). Pregnancy and amniocentesis. Retrieved from April 9, 2014 http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/amniocentesis WebMD. (2014). Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling. Retrieved from April 9, 2014 http://dictionary.webmd.com/terms/percutaneous-umbilical-blood-sampling WebMD. (2014). Chorionic villus sampling (cvs). Retrieved from April 9, 2014 http://www.webmd.com/baby/chorionic-villus-sampling-cvs

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that translocated down syndrome is genetically passed on from a parent’s gene to its child. the effects of down syndrome are caused by an extra chromosome.
  • Explains that translocated is the only genetic cause of down syndrome known to be passed along through a parent’s gene.
  • Explains the physical and intellectual symptoms of down syndrome. the physical symptoms are a smaller neck, eyes slanted upward, hands are wider than normal, and both their hands and fingers are shorter than average.
  • Explains that only 3% to 4% of the different types of down syndrome are translocated, meaning that 4 in 100 babies are born with it. unlike trisomy 21, it does not occur because of pregnancy in old age.
  • Explains that there is no cure for down syndrome, but it increases the chance of health issues. there are many different types of therapy a child/adult can receive to better their progress and development.
  • Explains that women can find out if their baby has down syndrome while it is still in the womb. there are three different diagnostic tests available for women to choose from.
  • Explains that there are many different types of testing for down syndrome through pregnancy.
  • Explains that translocated down syndrome is a genetically caused form of down syndrome, which is passed along through the parent’s gene to its child.
  • Cites works citeddictionary.com (2014). down syndrome. retrieved from april 3, 2014.
  • Describes the common symptoms of down syndrome and nih.gov. dr. michelle, w. (2013). down's syndrome.
  • Cites fergus, k., and webmd.
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