Transformational Leadership: The Situational Theory Of Leadership

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Situational theory of Leadership
The situational theory of leadership focuses on the projected outcomes and the development of the group. The basic premise of this leadership model is that different situations demand different kinds of leadership. Leadership is composed of both directive and supportive elements, and a leader must evaluate how committed and competent his or her followers are for a given task.(Roberts). A leader will choose the appropriate behaviours given the goals and the development/abilities of the group(Roberts), which can either be:
Directive behaviour which focuses on the task at hand and the product, including establishing goals, giving directions, defining roles, evaluation, setting time lines and showing how goals
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For a leader to be effective they must be aware of where the subordinates are on the continuum and adapt their leadership style to that of the followers.(Roberts)
The principles of situational leadership can be applied to many different levels in an organization. Because situational leadership stresses adapting to followers, it is ideal for use with followers whose commitment and competence changes over the course of a project. This is an encompassing style of leadership.(Roberts)
Transformational leadership
The concept of transformational leadership was initially introduced by leadership expert and presidential biographer James MacGregor Burns. According to Burns, transformational leadership can be seen when "leaders and followers make each other to advance to a higher level of moral and motivation." Through the strength of their vision and personality, transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions, and motivations to work towards common
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Individualized Consideration – Transformational leadership also involves offering support and encouragement to individual followers. In order to foster supportive relationships, transformational leaders keep lines of communication open so that followers feel free to share ideas and so that leaders can offer direct recognition of the unique contributions of each follower.
3. Inspirational Motivation – Transformational leaders have a clear vision that they are able to articulate to followers. These leaders are also able to help followers experience the same passion and motivation to fulfil these goals
4. Idealized Influence – The transformational leader serve as a role model for followers. Because followers trust and respect the leader, they emulate this individual and internalize his or her ideals.(About)
Transformational leaders are those who stimulate and inspire followers to both achieve extraordinary outcomes and, in the process, develop their own leadership capacity.(About). This style of leadership can have a positive effect on the group. "Research evidence clearly shows that groups led by transformational leaders have higher levels of performance and satisfaction than groups led by other types of leaders," (Ronald E.
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