Transformation In Plants Essay

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Transformation: Transformation means direct uptake, incorporation and expression of foreign genetic material from its surrounding (S.Cohen et al.,1980) Transformation in Plants: In plants the processes of creating a transgenic plants by introducing new genes into an organism is known as transformation. (Encyclopedia of life by Wiley Black Well) Why we need transformation? The main three challenges for mankind in today’s century are food, energy and the environment. Plant life is important factors in all three of these issues. Photosynthetic plants are the major source of are energy and food. Researches on plants have done to provide solutions to these challenges. The basic biology of plants is similar to us. However, their forms and lifestyle are fundamentally different. Plants can survive up to 5000 years; they can obtain nutrition from the air and soil and withstand environmental stress and attacks from pests (David w.Ehrharth, 2012) But with the increase in pollution, overpopulation etc. plant lives are in danger and in result, in fact, humans are in danger. So, for the survival of both, scientists worked very hard and discover various techniques to transform the genetic material of plants so that they can protect themselves, increase their yield. Purpose of transformation: The main purpose of transformation in plants is: • Production of disease free plants • Improve the quality of plants • Improving quantity i.e. productivity • Environment friendly plants • Drought and salt resistance in plants • value-added traits • For the experimental use Requirements for transformation: The procedure of transformation should be: • Easy • Inexpensive • Dangerous procedures and harmful substances should be avoided • Technical simplicity shou... ... middle of paper ... ...of its export to the cytoplasm by the host RNA export machinery viral vectors that not only replicated well in infected cells but also were delivered by the T-DNA of Agrobacterium more effectively. Genetically modified plants are already a viable part of modern agriculture. The development of new technologies for the stable and transient expression of recombinant proteins in plants could potentially provide more versatile biotechnological tools for the scientific and commercial communities (trends in plant sciences Vol xx no xx Month 2005) (THE END)
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