As we begin to see more and more people from various cultures come into our health system it is important for nurses to look at their own culture values and customs and be aware of any biases that they might have toward groups that are different from their own. Defining Culturally Sensitive Nursing Madeline Leininger (1984) defines transcultural nursing as “a humanistic and
Advocating for a patient allows nurses the opportunity to advocate for the patient’s cultural practices and beliefs in all aspects of health care. The last standard discussed was the eighth standard which focuses on education and training in culturally competent care. Education of other cultures prepares nurses to provide and promote culturally congruent care. Having a basic knowledge of different cultures and how global issues affect care, nurses are able to deliver safe
Introduction Diversity of the world’s population has reached a point where it is vital to address and more importantly to understand, the ever growing challenge that transcultural nursing poses to the nursing profession. Addressing this issue avoids discrimination and promotes equality within holistic nursing practice in order to meet patients’ needs. Health care professionals should be qualified to deliver, on a daily basis, proficient care and sensitive skilled communication to culturally different individuals (Maier-Lorentz, 2008). To exercise professional nursing in a conceptual way holistic nursing care focuses on physical, emotional, social, environmental and spiritual aspects as well as on the idea that any individual involved in treatment care should be treated as a whole and with dignity (Dossey & Guzzetta, 2005). One of the areas to be discussed is Transcultural Nursing and Leininger’s Transcultural Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality and its research enablers: the Sunrise Enabler and the Ethnonursing Method.
I will describe how this theory can be applied in practice and show an example from my own practice. Jean Watson’s theory of transpersonal caring defines the outcome of nursing activity in regard to the humanistic aspects of life. This theory involves the philosophy and science of caring. Watson’s model is based around the caring process, assisting patients in maintaining health or in dying peacefully. “Care can be considered simply an ethical task and thus a burden of one more thing to do, or it can be considered a commitment to attending to and becoming enthusiastically involved in the patient’s needs” (Applying the Ethics of Care to your Nursing Practice, page 116).
Nurses are challenged everyday due to cultural diversities. Heritage assessment helps nurses to understands and respect the role cultural competent in health ad illness. Heritage assessment tool use to assess the different cultural beliefs, their health maintenance, protection and restoration and to provide adequate and individualized care. Cultural assessments direct the nurse in providing culturally quality care to people form diverse cultures. The understanding of the concept of culture and its vitality in health is very important to nurses that provide care to diverse populations.
Nowadays, nurses not only need to know how to care of their patients, but they also must be able to care of patients from other cultures with many beliefs and values. Cultural views of individual influence the patient’s perception and decision of health and health care (Creasia & Parker, 2007). In order to care for people across different languages and cultures, nurses need to develop cultural sensitivity, knowledge, and skills. Cultural sensitivity means being aware that cultural differences and similarities exist and have an effect on values, learning, action, and behavior (Stanhope, et al., 2005). Beliefs and practices about health and illness are different with different cultures.
Cultural Competence and Building Therapeutic Nurse-Patient Relationships Memorial University of Newfoundland Beth Fraser The application of cultural competence in nursing practice was first described by Madeline Leninger (1970) as she coined the term ‘cultural sensitivity’ to describe the process of being attentive to the values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of patients. “Culture has been defined as socially transmitted patterns of human behaviour which include communication styles, actions, ways of thinking, values, beliefs and institutions of ethnic, racial, religious or social groups” (). The application of culturally competent care in nursing is important because it may impact quality of patient care and the development
The major concepts of Watson’s theory include caritas processes, transpersonal caring, and the caring moment. (Watson, 2008). Caritas is a term that identifies how nurse approaches their patient and co-workers. Positive “caritas” leads way for developing therapeutic rapport and respect. The second major concept is transpersonal caring.
Cultural Diversity and Its Influences on Nursing Practice Transcultural nursing is a term used by Madeline Leininger to describe the blending of nursing and anthropology (Andrews & Boyle, 2016). The goal of transcultural nursing is to be able to provide cultural specific nursing care for individuals and families of different cultures. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the eight reasons why transcultural nursing is necessary. I will describe the meaning of cultural diversity and its relationship to nursing. I will also explain how I personally provide culturally sensitive care to my patients.
As more people immigrate to this country, the need for culturally competent nursing care becomes more important. Hospitals, clinics, and doctors’ offices are now emphasizing the need for nurses to be aware of the diverse needs of many differing cultures. Learning and understanding Leininger’s transcultural nursing theory can assist the nurse in incorporating culturally competent care into their practice. Nursing standards regarding cultural competence are changing as more immigrants are entering this country and the health care system. Cocultures have their own unique and distinctive features, even as other features overlap with those of the larger culture.