Emphasis on the Individual Individualistic thinking has become the backbone of American society. Obsessed with ideas of personal gain and individual destiny, American society is known for its ideas of self-preservation and individual achievement. There are countless authors who contributed to these ideologies but one who stands out the most is Ralph Waldo Emerson. Sometimes called the “father of American literature”, Emerson created very controversial ideas in his time because he believed that a human-being is connected directly to nature, the source of all life, and therefore is imbued with the ability to accomplish amazing things (Lauter 1704). This type of thinking is very present in modern society and has become a cultural norm in America.
Therefore if everybody in the world has a conscience then everybody has a good part in them that intends to guide them on the right path. Many people will argue that when someone is born they are a clean slate and therefore neutral in the discussion of good and evil. However, a clean slate is often referred to as something pure and new. If someone is a clean slate, then that means they contain no bad intentions or hate, ultimately making their nature good. Human behavior is forever evolving and changing but one thing stays the same throughout this: human nature is a stagnant good in everybody.
Thoreau supported Transcendentalism, which is the faith that human beings are independent, unique people, who are one with the natural world. The beliefs of both these philosophers were very different than what the rest of society deemed socially acceptable, but this did not affect them in the least bit. In fact, their religious beliefs are part of what made these men such influential figures in American history. Franklin’s beliefs in Deism reflect his outlook on life. He was a very driven, hard-working person who, if he discovered a problem with society, he would do everything in his power to fix it.
I personally believe that everyone has the power to lower to a manageable level the control society. In Ralph Waldo Emerson's, “Self-Reliance,” he discusses the role society plays in our lives when he says, “You will always find those who think they know what is your duty better than you know it. It is easy in the world to live after the world's opinion; it is easy in solitude to live after our own; but the great man is he who in the midst of the crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude.” Emerson is saying that a person must be able to live in the midst of society while still making decisions as if she was in solitude. Following what one truly wants to do with her life is extremely difficult. Emerson's quote about this is a quote which can be related both to the 1800's, when he wrote “Self-Reliance,” and to the 21st century.
Transcendentalists focus on the emphasis of individual intuition and fighting for beliefs. “Transcendentalism emphasized individual intuition as a central means of understanding reality” (Quinn 1). The ideals of stress the importance of understanding one`s beliefs and gut feelings in order to understand their place and purpose in reality. Many Transcendentalists lived a very rewarding life that was “[…] free from the constraints of the material as well as the expectations of the social world” (Wayne 1). Transcendentalists believed that in order to be fully in check with one`s beliefs, one must live free from worldly matters and constraints from the acceptance of others.
Humanistic psychology acknowledges spiritual aspiration as an integral part of the human psyche. It is linked to the emerging field of transpersonal psychology. As per usual, there are advantages and limitations to this particular theory. One of the greatest strengths of humanistic psychology is that it emphasizes individual choice and responsibility. Humanistic psychology satisfies most people 's idea of what being human means because it values personal ideals and self-fulfillment.
McCandless was an extremely compassionate man, and would always loyally abide by his ideals and principles. What he sought was life in its simplest form; he no longer wanted anything to do with modern society and all of the troubles that it brought. Then lies the extremities to which he took making this all become reality. How many people could honestly claim to have sufficiently reached out to their dreams, could honestly claim that they had at least tried let alone pushed hard enough to succeed? McCandless was not the 'sit down and take it in stride' kind of person.
Block the Merchant signifies a citizen who is enslaved to human institutions and causes his own self-destruction because he is attached to ideals designed to fail. He is overly conscious about his position in society and interactions with Josef K. because he establishes his opinion on artificial human values. When Josef K. asks him about his past with lawyers, he replies, “I’ll confide in part, bu... ... middle of paper ... ... thrive in the totalitarian driven society, like the executors, give up all instincts that would allow them to thrive in competitive, naturally selective reality and screams, “Like a dog!...as if the shame of it should outlive him” (Kafka Ch. 10). People’s perspectives and influences on an individual are more important than how an individual lives their lives, and that was Josef K.’s weakness in this totalitarian and bureaucratic environment.
You can’t make flivvers without steel and you can’t make tragedies without social instability. The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get…And if anything should go wr... ... middle of paper ... ...lled “human”. Mustapha claimed that they have found a better way, and this better way means restricting freedom of thought and organizing society along very rigid lines. Nobody has to get rid of the highest human aspirations, emotion is something that cannot be eradicated, and instead they encouraged addiction or dependency to keep the members of the society in line.
However, he remained resolute and continued with the decision he had made while under the comfort of that “shelter.” This is in stark contrast to other characters in the play, namely Will Roper, who would shift faiths based on high-minded ideals, each time convinced of his own righteousness. Bolt seems to imply, through his “tragic” hero, that one cannot comprehend all that is good and moral in the world — much less condense it into something “orderly” and “ideal” — and thus, should concentrate on oneself and one’s place in society.