Trait Theory Essay

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Introduction

I will explain and describe with this paper the personality theories with a closer view on the „Trait Theory“. The big-five Theory is in my opinion really interesting and a great help for everyone to see what kind of personlity you have. How was this theory developed and can you use the Theory for different cultures? That are question I would like to research and write about. The Trait theory is one of the major theories. The theories are old and developed for a long time ago and that makes it interesting to know if there are any new theories. Which are developed in the last years. In my research I found Julius Kuhl and his Theory of Personality-System-Interaction. I will give a introduction to Kuhl´s theory.

To start with the
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In the course of history many theories have developed, they can be categorized in four major theories:

1. Trait theories
The theory is based on the stability of traits over time, how they differ from other individuals, and how the will influence human behavior.

2. Psychodynamic theories
The theory from Sigmund Freud split the personality in three different subjects of the id, the superego and the ego. The humans personality bases in terms of conscious and unconscious forces, such as unconscious desires and beliefs. The explaination of the theory is holding commonly on childhood experience. The point of the Psychodynamic theory is on the inner struggle and conflicts. (www.psychologytoday.com)

3. Humanistic theories
The theory focus on problems, potentials and ideals. It sees the human in a whole and tend to an optimistic picture on human nature. Humanistic psychologists try to see people’s lives as those people would see them.

4. Behaviorist and social learning theories
The view is on the external stimuli and on the conditional learning. „Social learning theories attribute differences in personality to socialization, expectations, and menal procress.“(Dennis Coon, John O. Mitterer (2015)
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The couciler (Extension memory) knows our whole experience and know our needs and our social environment. The extension memory works mostly unconscious. If it is active then we feel in every situation that we act creative and reasonable. The organizer (intension memory) is planing and save all difficult Intensions until the builder (intuitive behavior) realize it. Altough the builder is active when the activity is routine. The verify function (object recognizing system) control everything and recognize mistakes. We need this system for learning processes and personality

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