Tragedy Of Julius Caesar

analytical Essay
1035 words
1035 words

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare portrays the 44 BC plot against the Roman dictator Caesar, his assassination and the downfall of the conspirators at the Battle of Philippi.

It is divided into five acts. In the opening act, two tribunes, Marullus and Flavius, disrupt a crowd of Roman citizens who were celebrating Caesar’s victorious homecoming from war. The triumph is taking place through public games. Mark Antony, Caesar’s general takes active part in these games. On his way to the celebration Caesar is stopped by a soothsayer who cautions him by saying ‘Beware the Ides (15th) of March.’1
Caius Cassius and Marcus Brutus are senators of Rome, who deliberate over Caesar’s use of power he now holds in the Republic. They fear that Caesar may decide to become the monarch. Cassius, a popular general himself, is envious, while Brutus has a more balanced opinion of the political situation. Cassius and his friends visit Brutus at nightfall to coax him of their views, and they plan Caesar’s assassination. Brutus is anxious but will not divulge this to his wife, Portia.
On the Ides of March, Calpurnia, Caesar’s wife urges him not to go the Council. She had dreamt that he will be murdered. She dreads about the omens of the storms which happened at night. He is however influenced by the conspirators to go. In the Capitol he is surrounded by the conspirators. Caesar is stabbed and dies. In spite Cassius’s apprehensions Mark Antony is permitted by Brutus to give a funeral speech in the market place after he has addressed the citizens of Rome. Brutus puts forth the reasons the conspirators had for killing Caesar and their fears of his ambition. Brutus is able to influence them and calm them down. But A...

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...ce didn’t have a right to stand against their masters.7

Kamm in his book gives that Roman people were superstitious. Their sense of superstitions prevailed over philosophical and logical understandings. They believed the suffering of Caesar from epilepsy as an act of god.8 Kamm has not stated in detail the kind of supertisious or supernatural sense prevailed at that time.

4. Goldsworthy, Adrian Keith. Caesar: Life of a Colossus. pp. 355 New Haven: Yale UP, 2006. Print.
5. ibid. pp. 69
6. ibid. pp. 508
7. Kamm, Antony. Julius Caesar: A Life.pp.21 London: Routledge, 2006. Print.
8. ibid. pp.141

Goldsworthy in his work states that Rome during Caesar was a superstitious society. Caesar himself was not very superstitious. He was shocked by the superstitions by his wife Calpurnia. He himself ignored bad omens.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how shakespeare's the tragedy of julius caesar portrays the 44 bc plot against caesar, his assassination and the downfall of the conspirators at the battle of philippi.
  • Analyzes how the concept of slavery is prominent throughout the story. shakespeare mentions brutus, caesar, and cassius' slaves, as well as gladiator.
  • Analyzes how shakespeare mentions various superstitious and supernatural occurrences throughout the play, including the warning soothsayer gives to caesar, interpretation of the storm by the conspirators, calpurnia dream and caesar’s ghost which brutus sees.
  • Explains that the conspirators say the storms were taking place as the gods angry on the romans for proclaiming caesar as their dictator.
  • Analyzes how the republic system of governance is facing a challenge as caesar is going to declare himself as the dictator of the state.
  • Explains that undisputed power in hands of a single person led them to conspire against caesar, fearing that power would lead to tyranny. they assassinate caesar to protect the people.
  • Analyzes how caesar arrives in rome on 15th february, the feast of lupercalia, is assassinated, brutus and antony give speeches, caesar's will is revealed, and octavius arrives to avenge his death. conspirators face defeat in the war.
  • Describes goldsworthy's caesar: life of a colossus.
  • Analyzes how goldsworthy states that rome during caesar was a superstitious society. he was shocked by the superstitions by his wife calpurnia.
  • Analyzes how caesar's triumph is taking place through public games. caius cassius and marcus brutus are senators of rome who deliberate over caesar’s use of power in the republic.
  • Analyzes how brutus is devastated by the news of his wife's suicide and imagines being visited by caesar’s ghost. cassius gets his slave, pindarus, to help him in a swift death.
  • Explains that caesar made more than a million prisoners of war as slaves. gladiators were kept for the purpose of combat and were legally treated as objects.
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