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Trace Minerals Case Study

Powerful Essays
Chapter: 1

1.2 MINERALS:-

1.2.1 DEFINITION:
Minerals are naturally occurring inorganic substances required in trace amounts for normal body functions such as the development of strong bones and teeth, proper muscle and nerve functions and construction of red blood cells [10]. 1.2.2 KINDS:
There are two types of minerals our body needs and these are called essential minerals [11]. Essential minerals are divided into:
• Major or macro minerals
• Trace or micro minerals
1) Macro minerals are present at large levels in the animal body or required in large amounts in the diet.
Macro minerals include:
• Calcium
• Magnesium
• Potassium
• Sodium
2) Micro minerals are often referred to as trace minerals, meaning they are present at low levels
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Both types also work in synergy with vitamins and other nutrients in the body's metabolism, growth and development [13].

1.2.4 DEFICIENCY: A deficiency in a major or trace mineral can lead to poor health and serious illness that affects several body systems. A calcium deficiency can lead to weak and brittle bones [13].

1.2.5 CALCIUM (Ca):- Calcium (Ca), an essential element, plays a major role in keeping bones healthy and regulating nerve and muscle functions. The bones and teeth contain over 99% of the calcium in the human body. Calcium is also found in the blood, muscles, and other tissue. Calcium in the bones can be used as a reserve that can be released into the body as needed. Bones are always breaking down and rebuilding, and calcium is needed for this process. Nearly all the calcium in your body remains in the bones and teeth, with just a small amount in the bloodstream. If you lack calcium in our diet, our body removes it from our bones and teeth to use in the bloodstream [14, 15].

1.2.5.1 REQUIREMENT:
Some people need more calcium than
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