Tourism and the Environment

3905 Words16 Pages
Tourism and the Environment

Mass Tourism and discriminating tourists, who are only pre-occupied

with the "big five" mentality have in the past years contributed to

the degradation of the environment and harassment of wildlife.

Thanks to the Eco-tourism concept which has been championed by the

tourist destinations globally with a view to changing the big "five"

mammal mentality and developing other environmentally friendly types

of tourism. Eco- tourism is thus an important concept in tourism

development. The latter incorporates a strong commitment to nature and

a sense of social responsibility. In this respect, the present and

future generations are urged to conserve the environment while the

Government is committed to strengthening and enforcing anti-poaching

and nature based conservation policies which will ensure the

development of responsible tourism in the country.

It should be noted, however, that eco-tourists prefer the use of local

resources and expertise which in turn translates into import savings.

The use of local resources and expertise also translates into

environmentally sensitive patterns and local participation in the

travel industry.

Its emphasis on local resources and employment makes it attractive to

developing countries, which though rich in natural resources are

disadvantaged by rural poverty and lack of export earnings.

The value of biodiversity is more widely appreciated in the whole

world. However, pressure on wildlife and their natural habitats is

increasing due to encroachment of human activities and intensified

resource extraction. Accordingly conservation of biodiversity must be

seen within ...

... middle of paper ...

...ired proper planning and management of the available

resources.

It should be born in mind that sustainable tourism cannot thrive if we

do not take care of our fragile environment. In this context,

therefore, we should always remember the cardinal point that we all

have a duty to practice responsible tourism so that at the end of the

day we shall be able to conserve our fragile environment and

biodiversity for the benefit of mankind. To this end there is

therefore, an urgent need to put the necessary legislations and codes

of conduct in place so as to ensure balanced development of tourism in

African tourist destinations. Exchange of information and experience

among African National would also be vital in achieving the requisite

results for the development of sustainable tourism in conservation of

the environment.
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