Further implied in the concept of total war was the justification for a fully violent and vengeful response. America needed the moral justification implied in the policy of Unconditional Surrender. Elegant Violence: Japanese v. American views on Warfare To the Japanese, the concept of Unconditional Surrender was a nightmare. The Japanese government had instilled in its people the idea that Unconditional Surrender to American forces would involve horrendous tortures and degradations. Whether or not the Japanese government actually believed their own war propaganda, there was concern among the Japanese leadership that Unconditional Surrender would mean the end of Japan as a nation-state due to the expected American dismantling of the Japanese Imperial system (Freedman 201).
The internment of Japanese Americans during WWII was a clear example of mass hysteria that permeated the United States during the dark days of WWII. After the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor many Americans believed that the Japanese were disloyal and were associated with the enemy. There were rumors that the Japanese Americans were exchanging military information and had hidden connections. The U.S became increasingly paranoid causing a question to arise, is this really because the Japanese were truly spies or is it mass hysteria? In the process of war the public skipped to the conclusion that all Japanese Americans were out to get them.
The justification for these marches will therefore lead to deciphering the extent that these marches helped the instigating countries, and what war would have been like without them. Primary sources, such as “Abandoned on Bataan,” along with secondary sources such as “Double Victory” will be utilized to fully comprehend the differences of the two marches. Summary of Evidence 1) Bataan Death March When General MacArthur of the United States surrendered, the Japanese were not prepared for the immense number of US and Filipino prisoners. Their justification for their war crimes comes from their culture. The Japanese were instilled with the idea of fight or death.
In the military meeting of Japan, the Japanese marshal Kamada Yahiko said “I teach you civilization, you forced me to be barbaric!”. Then he decided to use weapon of mass destruction to get final victory. This non-humanitarian behavior violates sprit of civilization. Furthermore, Japan relied on military professionals and advanced communication techniques during the war but their action is clumsy. Conversely, indigenous people ... ... middle of paper ... ... people.
Conditions in Japanese Prisoner of War Camps In World War II The Japanese viewed those who surrendered as inferior and subject to the mercy of their captures. Tojo, the Japanese war minister, informed the commandants of prisoners of war camps the Japanese government had not signed the Geneva Convention and they were not bound to it. The Japanese field code for soldiers required soldiers to commit suicide rather than surrender. Because of the time schedule set for conquest by Japanese high command, Japanese soldiers slaughtered surrendering Allied soldiers routinely. On Dutch Timor, 800 Australians surrendered only to be tied together and used for bayonet practice.
It was Japan’s surrender that was so desperately wanted, since every day Japan did not surrender meant the killing contuned.2 It is known through military intelligence reports that even though the Japanese leaders knew that they were defeated they would keep fighting. Japanese soldiers had a code that they fought by. This code forbade surrender. The soldiers were expected to die rather than surrender. When a senior Japanese officer was asked after the war why Japanese troops chose death over surrender he said, “When any man leaves Japan for foreign battlefields, he is not expected to return until the war is over.
When I mean life I don’t mean being executed, but when you lose your liberty and property based on your ancestry; your whole life has been basically stripped away from you, so what is life then? A long history of Anti-Japanese sentiments fueled by economic competition and racial stereotypes propel the frontrunner(in my opinion) of this unconstitutional act, General DeWitt, to make it a personal quest of sort to assure a forced exodus of Japanese American into internment camps, ran by the WRA. The decision of internment was implemented towards Japanese Americans living on the west coast in 1942 after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Claims of Japanese soldier being aid by Japanese American to help plan the attack on pearl harbor caused concern for the general public. The fingers of dead Japanese's soldiers were allege to have worn class rings from Hawaii university.
After the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, many Americans thought that the Japanese Americans were associated with the surprise attack. The United States government decided to create concentration camps to hold them in. These concentration camps denied the Japanese Americans the American dream by excluding their freedom, the conditions of the camps, and how they were treated in the camps. Japanese Americans had lost their freedom after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor because the American government was suspicious of the Japanese currently living in America. In the story “Japanese Internment” the author states “They feared they were spies, and made the Japanese hand over all of the electronics they owned, their rights to own guns, and they had to live under a curfew with travel limitations”(1).
The American people, along with the government, wanted nothing more than to destroy Japan, and win the war. In the Monica Sone document, I belief that the frustrations that the Americans were feeling are expressed in their entirety. The American people were so angry with the Japanese people, and so afraid that the Japanese would attack again, that the Americans basically rejected anyone that looked Japanese. To the Americans, regardless of whether you were native born, if you looked Japanese you were the enemy. The American government did not want to take chances, so they gathered all the people of Japanese decent and made them live under military law.
In conclusion, the United State Government did justify its actions for internment camps of Japanese Americans during World War II. However, how these fears and concerns were handle is a matter of violation of civil liberties even though it is the governments duty to preserve democracy. The Supreme Court has viewed past injustices as learning tools for future issues. Some similarities have appeared in modern history to the Japanese Americans injustices with the Arab Americans. Overall both groups have had to sacrifice their personal privacy at the cost of national security of the whole country.