To make the purges successful Stalin had the help of his NKVD (secret police). They created an atmosphere of fear and crushed opposition. They were responsible for accusing the people of crimes against Stalin in order to purge them. They encouraged everyone to denounce ot... ... middle of paper ... ...levant, because they all helped each other. For example, propaganda may not have been so successful without Stalin's Economic Policies, because they were Stalin's greatest achievement and were one of the main focuses of propaganda.
Stalin implemented hard-line tactics to obtain this in the shortest possible time - the consequences of this method of developing the country are to be discussed in this essay. The politicians of the period had to contend Stalin's ruthless quest to become the omnipotent and unopposed ruler of Russia. The communist system was a relatively new radical political system within Russia. Stalin felt that the less extremist governments preceding him (Provisional Government) had failed drastically, and that the only way to rule such a large country, further hindered by its retarded industrial revolution and multitude of minority nations was through force. He considered purging any suspect opposition as a way to establish the legitimacy of his control.
Though, as a whole and in simplified terms, what was Communism? Communism violently attempted to take over a country by eliminating all other political systems and the different classes of people in a socialistic way through the use of dictatorships (Ebenstein). Communism’s main goal was to spread Communism from country to country until the whole world was in a Communistic state. In their eyes, this made the world a better place, but it also removed the opposition of countries with different government systems (Overstreet). Communists did not mind going to war and losing thousands of lives if it would help to spread Communism (Communism, the Courts, and the Constitution).
The imaginary world of Oceania draws many parallels to the modern day totalitarian regime established by Stalin. For example, in the novel it was the desire of the Party to eliminate love and sex, in order to channel this pent-up passion towards the love of Big Brother. Similarly, Stalin used propaganda and extreme nationalism to brainwash the peoples of Russia. He channeled their beliefs into a passion for Soviet ideals and a love of Stalin. In both cases, love for anything but the Party is the biggest threat to the regime.
Alexander Kerensky took over Russia and as turmoil escalated, Vladimir Lenin replaced him by promising three simple things: peace, bread and land. Lenin led the path to communism but died in 1924 of typhus. In 1929, Stalin took absolute power of Russia, later becoming the U.S.S.R or the Soviet Union. Joseph Stalin had complete totalitarian control of Russia, making it a world superpower by industrializing fast. Joseph Stalin ultimately did more good in Russia/U.S.S.R than harm because of his economic technique of industrializing the country in a short time and his politically stable control of the U.S.S.R although he murdered many for the expansion of the country.
1984 was published in 19... ... middle of paper ... ...ng thought really drives home Orwell’s point that if we allow totalitarianism it will overwhelm anyone and drive out any concept of free will. This world Orwell creates casts light on the psychological manipulation in totalitarian societies that leads to so many other infringements of human nature such as the ability to think for oneself and form your own opinions. This novel does not apply to today’s geopolitical state, however at the time of its original publication it was a great weapon in the fight against Communism. Works Cited Karolides, Nicholas J. Literature Suppressed on Political Grounds.
Many intellectual Russians began to become aware of this pamphlet as well as the advanced state of the world compared to Russia. Other countries were going through an industrial revolution, while the Czars had made it clear that no industrial surge was about to happen in Russia. The popularity of the Czars further went down hill as Nicolas II’s poor military and political decisions caused mass losses in World War I. Eventually, the citizens could take no more and began a riot in St. Petersburg that led to the first Russian Revolution of 1917. The Russian Revolutions of 1917 led to the riddance of the czarist Russia as well as the ushering in of the socialistic Russia.
By the 1930s, Stalin’s inherent paranoia combined with his ruthless nature had culminated in several key Leftist purges, purges that set the course for his definitive preservation of power. Through the 1938 Trial of the Twenty-One, he would solidify this notion by purging the Rightist political opposition, as well as key diplomatic and domestic leaders of the Bolshevik party. Historian Robert Service argues that “while believing in communism, he did not trust or respect communists” , hence the reason for his intensive purge of the opposition – there existed “personal insecurities” in the strength of his power and leadership, a position he fought to further preserve through the 1938 trial. The elimination of Yagoda played on his “exceptional
Within the ruling class of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was Joseph Stalin, a strict dictator who believed in the rules of communism, successfully accomplished the main feat: instilling fear within the society. To help enforce this effect, he created a Secret Police to silence the rebellious groups of “Kulaks” as well as several projects to help build his nation. Although Stalin understood that the requirements of communism have similar beliefs to those of the successful governments of Gilead and Oceania, he still had come to his downfall. In Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale and George Orwell’s 1984, the administrations utilize strategies such as mind manipulation to establish a successful foundation, whose outcome differs from other communist rulers that have caused their own demise. Holding similar characteristics, the governments of the Soviet Union, Gilead of The Handmaid’s Tale and Oceania of 1984, all help ensure that their rule is enforced through the creation of a special workforce, placement of citizens into strictly organized groups, and forcing all the people to work for the administration.
Similar to George Or... ... middle of paper ... ...ing love for someone separate from the Party makes the Party vulnerable, because the passion that existed between the two formed an alliance between lovers, as opposed to allegiance to the Party. In a totalitarian state the goal of the party is to brainwash humans so that the only emotion they have is towards the government and its leader. In both 1984 and Soviet Russia, we see totalitarian societies that eliminate human qualities such as thoughts and emotions. In both cases, the societies function best without love because they have full control over their people. Thus, the existence of love and relationships is the most detrimental thing to a totalitarian regime.