Torture within Human Society

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Torture has been part of the human society for a long time, and throughout history we have subjected people to painful, violent and cruel forms of torture. When studying the history of torture, one observation one should make is that the history of torture is specific to torture and not capital punishment. Throughout history we have tortured people and we have almost at all times justified the torturing of those individuals, in most cases we have tortured for, revenge, political reasons, deterrence, interrogation or coercion of the victim, or simply the sadistic gratification of those carrying out or observing the torture. Torture in any form deserves no justification and must be condemned vehemently and put to stop, because the end does not justify the means, which has proven to be true in most cases where the person been tortured provide false statement.
Medieval and early modern European courts used torture, depending on the crime his or her social status. Torture was a legitimate means to extract confessions or to get the names of conspirators or other information and it was permitted by law. Torture was used in continental Europe to obtain corroborating evidence in the form of a confession until it was formally abolished in 18th and 19th century in Europe and nearly abolished in practice. The formal abolishment was so because it was the age of enlightenment which was centered on humanitarianism; this has been the traditional explanation which has led to many contemporary scholar skeptics.
There have been different views as to why torture abolished in the 18th to 19th century by many historians and scholars. One of such explanation, proposed by the historian John Langbein, argues that “torture was abolished during the 17th a...

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...nhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (United Nations Convention against Torture) and it became international human rights instrument, under the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and cruel, inhuman degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
The most states that have rectified the convention have been engaged in torture. So why do these modern states practice torture according to Lisa Hajjar, “modern states practice two kind which are interrogational torture, which could be said to be related to national security and is done to obtain actionable intelligence, the other is also terroristic torture, which is done to intimidate persons other than the victims.” Modern-states have justified torture by saying it had to be done to gain information in other stop a catastrophic event from happening, and that the end justify means for a greater good.
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