In Tolstoy’s story “The Death of Ivan Ilych”, is dealing with two types of lives such as the artificial life and the authentic life. The artificial life of Ivan Ilych is marked by a strong relationships, materialism and self-interest. It is a deception that hides life’s true meaning and leaves one terrified at the moment of death. The authentic life, on the other hand is marked by pity and compassion. It gives strength through solidarity and comfort through empathy.
William Golding wrote about society and its defects in his book, Lord of the Flies. He wrote, “The theme [of Lord of the Flies] is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. The moral is that the shape of society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable.” He meant that the defects of society, such as selfishness, cruelty and thirst for power are directly linked to the faults of human nature. Consider the Nazi regimen. People hated this particular government form because they thought it was cruel, selfish and evil.
Fundamentally, he intermingles the flawed traits of Pechorin and his representation of Russian society with the motif of fate to present his purpose to his audience. He sought to criticize the absolutist government, evident by his analogies of Pechorin's flawed characteristics of his belief in fate to loyalty to the government, and how fate oppresses Pechorin to take malicious actions to how the Tsar exerts absolute rule over his people. In essence, Lermontov uses fate to passively criticize the Tsarist government of that time due to its absolutist regime and to call for his audience of aristocrats to take action by reforming the government.
However, as events unfold he begins to slowly dismantle the family, taking each member apart to convey the fact that some apparently respectable individuals or families are actually flawed or even corrupt despite the maintenance of an appearance of respectability. This important fact is also emphasized by dramatic irony presented by Priestley when Gerald comments," You seem to be a nice well behaved family" as indeed, the Birlings turn out to be the complete opposite. Capitalism is one of the main themes presented by Priestley in this play. He mainly focuses on the effects of capitalism on people within society and how it can lead to insensitivity, greed, lack of compassion and exploitation. Before the arrival of the inspector, an engagement party is well underway in the Birling household, where the spirits are high, and everyone is about to drink to Mr Birling's daughter Sheila, and Gerald Croft's health and happiness.
Moreover, he struggles with his moral standing on this issue because he is partly responsible for Abigail's vendetta against his wife. This guilt is best demonstrated when Proctor says at the end of the second act: ... ... middle of paper ... ... integrity are among the most important things. He also uses Proctor to demonstrate what an unjust system can do to an individual with good intents. The play is a parallel to the anti-Communist McCarthy era. Through John Proctor we see the ludicrous nature of mass hysteria that exists when society has gone awry.
Serfdom came to an end and drastic economic reforms were implemented. Raskolnikov’s home of St. Petersburg, once upon a time capital of Russia, represents the confusing mood that was felt throughout the country. His habitat is described as confined, depressing, stuffy and violent. Often, Raskolnikov’s mood and behaviors are parallel with the ... ... middle of paper ... ... end of the novel confesses to the crime. Dostoevsky purposefully chooses to have him confess in the end to demonstrate a lesson in humanity: that we are all human, have a conscious and are most often inexplicably driven by emotions.
Through the character of Oliver Mellors, Lawrence is able to convey his social criticism of the horrific health of the Colliers due to the conditions of the mine, "Yer ought ter be alive an ' beautiful, an ' yer ugly an ' half dead." It could be argued that through this mistreatment of the lower working classes and rendering them "half dead", society is able to maintain it 's power over the people. Through manipulating them into "working for money" Lawrence demonstrates dislike of the industrialised and capitalist society, illustrating his point through one of Mellor 's musings on his fellow working man. After the rise of the communist regime in Russia, one fear that swept through the masses was the somewhat irrational fear of communism, a fear further exasperated by the influence of McCarthyism. Arthur Kopit 's absurdist play poignantly shows audiences how ridiculous this fear was and
Through these insights, Dr. Rank provides the reader with an ability to form opinions important to the plot. Ibsen also uses Rank as a symbolic tool, enabling the reader to look deeper into the plot. Dr. Rank is used as a symbol of a dying society as the main characters in the play ... ... middle of paper ... ...ing of what he may have once declared to be truth. Ibsen uses Rank to make these truths about Nora and Torvald's personalities evident to the reader. The roles that Ibsen gives Dr. Rank are crucial in the reader's understanding of the plot.
The prosecutor once states, “...all I see is a monster.” It is true that Meursault was different from the rest of society. However, he changes throughout the trial and eventually becomes an existentialist hero. This is because he finds meaning in life. It is ironic, though, that he learns to appreciate life after his is effectively over. His apathetic approach to life is made clear from the first page: “Maman died today.
From Ivan Illych’s perspective, Tolstoy focuses on regret with one’s life and the utterly different mindset the dying adopt versus the living. For Ivan Illych, climbing the social ladder of entrenched Russian bourgeois society was the ultimate goal. Particularly, Ivan would use his career in the law to allow him to obtain such heights. This led to Ivan placing his family on the back burner whilst his own career and ambitions would enter the limelight. Once the end is near however, Ivan begins to feel regret take hold of himself.