Tolkien Influence

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Tolkien was greatly influenced by the mythology and folklore of past civilizations. When creating the Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit, Tolkien creates a fantasy world for the adventures to take place. This world was not created without help, as Tolkien intertwined various different civilizations mythology and folklore to help him craft his own world. Tolkien revolutionized literature with the creation of this realm, and he combined many aspects of past literature with his new ideals. The various races that were included in Middle-Earth were not created by Tolkien without the influence of the modern world. First, each race that appears in The Hobbit or the Lord of the Rings was based upon a mythological creature or a group of humans in Europe. Through analysis of his works, parallels of real humans at the time and the created race can be found throughout the novels. These similarities show that Tolkien was influenced by the world around him. The story of the Noldorin elves exile is very similar to the story of Tuatha de Danann. Dimitra Fimi writes, “The story of the rebellion of the Noldor and their departure from Valinor to return to Middle-earth is already present in ‘The Book of Lost Tales,’ . . . and its main elements are already there: Feanor urges the Gnomes to follow him back to Middle-earth to regain the Silmarils that belong to them, the Sun and the Moon are made by the gods subsequent to their departure, and the Gnomes fight their first battle with the Orcs as soon as they land. In this first version, however, the Gnomes do not use the ships to cross the sea but abandon them, setting fire to some of them, and get to Middle-earth by crossing the ices of Helkarakse (sic), while Maedhros is captured by Morgoth and sent ... ... middle of paper ... ...ome of these tales in his own world, so these tales are a prevalent influences to the development of his world. Lastly, Middle-earth was made for the hosting of adventures similar to other mythological expeditions. These stories lead to the development of races and adventures of these races. The races are a large influence over the creation of Middle-earth, as these races must be located in the right areas for the adventure to be presented correctly. Tolkien writes, “This is a story of how a Baggins had an adventure, and found himself doing and saying things altogether unexpected.” This quote shows the reader that the quest came first, and then the development of the geography would be molded to the aspects of the adventure. Thus, mythology, folklore and modern-day earth influenced Tolkien and the creation of his own world where his long-winded adventures take place.
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