preview

"To what extent was the United States successful in stopping the spread of communism from 1945-1963?"

Good Essays
The United States was successful in stopping the spread of communism to a limited extent, as there were several failures from 1945-1963. As people feared the Domino Theory, which quintessentially stated that if one country turned communist, their neighboring countries would as well, the U.S. commandeered the fight to eliminate the threat. In order to accomplish this goal, there were many urgent actions taken that inadvertently was a huge factor in initiating the Cold War. The tension that existed before, during and after WWII intensified immensely. The Truman Doctrine, the George Marshall plan and the backfires of the U.S. all played a key factor in the eventual eradication of communism.

In 1947 the Truman Doctrine was established to prevent Turkey and Greece from falling into communism by granting them 400 million dollars for use in stabilizing their countries. In addition, democratic country that was either under threat or fought against communist aggression was granted economic, political and military aid from the U.S eliminating potential risks as well. Harry S. Truman was largely responsible, as not only did he employ the doctrine he improved upon it as well. After the containment policy was added, Truman further contained the Soviet threat by creating NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that was essentially a collective defense system. If one member of NATO were to be attacked, there would be a mutual retaliation. This guaranteed self-preservation for all those involved, a critical element for struggling countries and was a response to the Berlin Blockade.

To curb communism even further, the secretary of state George C. Marshall established The Marshall Plan (Economic Cooperation Act) in 1948, which was even more...

... middle of paper ...

...m turning to communism while the Marshall Plan incorporated the rest of Europe despite creating tension. Some may argue that the Cold War would have established itself whether the U.S. commandeered the containment of Soviet expansion or laid low. Only through a common foe – Hitler and his Nazis – did the USSR and the US conspire and ally against Germany during WWII, as they abhorred each other. In retrospect, others may argue that, since both powers knew that M.A.D. would be inevitable the Cold War could have been avoided.

Works Cited

"The Marshall Plan." The Marshall Plan. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.

"Soviet Union Rejects Marshall Plan Assistance." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.

"Cominform (international Agency)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.
Get Access