To what extent does Italian Nationalism lead to the invasion of Abyssinia?

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In 1919, upcoming journalist Benito Mussolini and a few other veterans had ideas that he called “Fascism” then formed the National Fascist Party. Fascism is a political philosophy or movement that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition. The party grew popular in Italy as Mussolini seemed to have all the solutions to the problems. He began to build up the army of Italy, making one named the Black Shirt militia. March 15th 1921, Benito Mussolini was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies. Because he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, The Leftist party ordered a general strike against this because they believed he was just attempting the seize the government, leading to Mussolini issue that if the strike did not end, then the Fascist party would end it. On October 29, 1922, King Vittorio Emanuele III of Rome contacted Mussolini to form a government after his 1922 “march on Rome”. Mussolini ended up assuming all powers of the government to control the country, stabilizing the economy and getting things back on track. From here Mussolini was known as “Il Duce” (the leader). His main goals was to bring a new Roman Empire and have a country free from communism held together with strong national unity. Italy had Eritrea as a colony until Mussolini felt threatened and thought Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) was going to invade Eritrea. Prior to all of this in 1895, there was the First Italo-Abyssinian War where Italy had already won over Eritrea in the Treaty of Wichale. In the Italian version in Article XVII of the Treaty of Wichale made Rome Et... ... middle of paper ... ...nly thing left to do was to carry on and appear to have no knowledge of the horrors that were going on because the Nazi party was too far in the government. Hitler’s influence all of the world showed that the “Western Dominance” was now over. It was time for the Eastern Hemisphere to rule. Hitler also influenced Mussolini and Japan to annex countries of interest. In Italy there was a difference. Tojo’s influence was racism with Japanese all over the world which was not intended to happen. So they were free to go anywhere outside of these exclusion zones, and many of them weren’t allowed to work. Japanese-Americans and Japanese-Canadians were sripped of their freedoms. All three of these Axis leaders didn’t intend on hatred from other countries and nations, all they wanted was what they thought should be theirs and anyone who got in the way of it must be punished.

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