The Nixon administration sought to uphold a “cool but correct” diplomatic stance toward Chile. The fact that Allende was democratically elected forced the Nixon administration to be less explicitly aggressive about their role in Chile, causing them to turn to economics as a primary method for destabilizing the nation. The U.S. sought to “isolate, weaken and destabilize Chile until the country was ungovernable” in order to create a ‘coup climate.’ Essentially, the U.S. began a long term strategy to destabilize the Chilean government economically, politically, and militarily, looking to exploit all possible weaknesses. Chile wa... ... middle of paper ... ...ly. vol114 no3 (Fall 1999): 387-408.
US Anxiety To begin, I want to start off with the USA’s anxiety of communism taking root in Latin America and how Chile got into the spotlight of the Nixon administration. This was in the wake of the Cuban missile crisis and President Eisenhower investing in a war on communism in all of Latin America primarily Cuba at the time. The US failed against the fight against socialism in Cuba however the US ramped up its involvement in the other americas by investing in the individual Latin American countries militaries and counter insurgency programs through military training, providing military equipment, providing a “School of the Americas” to help counter communism, and even trained military and police how to perform electroshock torture to get information from r... ... middle of paper ... ...lowed for neoliberalism to take place and ultimately reshape Chile into the well rounded country it is today. Resources CIA, 2000. CIA Activities in Chile.
US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger declared “the consolidation of Allende in power in Chile, would pose some very serious threats to our interests and positions in the... ... middle of paper ... ...3 1974.” National Security Archive. http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB110/index.htm (accessed April 26, 2014). Ensalaco, Mark. Chile under Pinochet: Recovering the Truth. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvannia Press, 2000.
Chile, to Chile to 1970 3 (June). http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch24y.htm (November 7, 2011). 12. The Memory of the Bloody Military Overthrow in Chile – September 11th, 1973. The Memory of the Bloody Military Overthrow in Chile (September).
“The Modernizing Bias of Human Rights: Stories of Mass Killings and Genocide in Central America.” Journal of Genocide Research 12, no.4: 219-41. Collins, C. 2010. “Human Rights Trials in Chile During and After the Pinochet Years.” International Journal of Transitional Justice 4, no.1: 67-86. Hawkins, Darren. 2002. International Human Rights and Authoritarian Rule in Chile.
First, Socialist-Communist Salvador was the first Marxist to democratically win the election in 1970. During Allende’s ter... ... middle of paper ... ...re hoping to withhold after a socialist takes democratically office. Therefore, the efforts that Chile makes in order to keep the views of democracy end up in a nationwide tragedy that is governed by a force that is far from democracy. Works Cited Auken, Bill V. Forty years since the Chilean coup of September 11, 1973. wsws.org. 11 Sep. 2013.
“Technocrats and Politicians in an Authoritarian Regime. The ‘ODEPLAN Boys’ and the ‘Gremialists’ in Pinochet’s Chile”. Journal of Latin American Studies, 32.2 (May 2000): 461-501. JSTOR. Electronic.
Secondary Sources: 4 Schlesinger, Stephen C., and Stephen Kinzer. Bitter Fruit: the Story of the American Coup in Guatemala. [Boston, Mass. ]: Harvard University, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, 1999. Print.
Much confusion has arisen from misinterpretation of Clausewitz’s discussions on Schwerpunkt or “center of gravity”. Many students of military theory interpret Clausewitz’s ideas through their own historical perspectives. For example, military officers tend to confuse military objectives for centers of gravity, assuming physical objects such as ships or cities are the source of a countries power. While these objects may provide tactical advantages, true power arises from the critical strengths possessed by a country, be they political, diplomatic, military, or informational. The Argentinean military junta made similar mistakes during their invasion of the Falklands.