“Hating people because of their color is wrong. And it doesn't matter which color does the hating. It's just plain wrong.” -- Muhammad Ali. Muhammad Ali puts into words the meaning of racism; it isn’t right, no matter who is doing it. In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee there are multiple examples of racism and discrimination, such as gender, racial and social discrimination. People’s thoughts are their own, but once they act and speak on these thoughts, the troubles stir.
Throughout the Harper Lee’s story of To Kill A Mockingbird characters have looked through other people’s views with varying amounts of success and failure. The characters learn, some better than others, what it is like to look through the eyes of the guilty, the child, the poor, the outcast and the educated. People’s perspective of a situation may be different from another’s; but by trying to see in another person’s point of view, motives for their actions might become visible to an observer. When ignoring the way other people look at situations, a thought or opinion of the other person may be incorrect. Acting on false pretenses, made through not thinking from another person’s point of view, could bring up negative consequences; like prejudice thinking, false accusations and stereotypical thoughts. It is important for these ideas to get across the characters, as well as the reader.
The court institution and the Caucasian race were unfair with African Americans during the great depression. The novel To Kill A Mockingbird takes place in Maycomb County, Alabama during the Great Depression. Scout lives with her brother Jem and her father Atticus Finch. Jem and Scout pass the Radley house most of the time, where Boo Radley lives. It is a scary place to them and their curiosity makes them try different things to make Boo come out of the house. Atticus is a lawyer and he defends Tom Robinson, an African American, who is accused of raping Mayella Ewell. He is convicted of raping Mayella and is shot to death when he tries to escape. Bob Ewell, Mayella’s father, tries to kill Atticus’ children. Boo saves them from being killed by Bob Ewell and stabs Ewell to death. In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch’s influence in his daughter Scout is made clear through the importance he places on education, the admirable way he practices law, and through his effective interactions with Maycomb residents.
Harper Lee’s “To Kill a Mockingbird” takes place during the 1930’s in the fictional and quiet town of Maycomb, located in Maycomb County, Alabama. The town of Maycomb is described as a tired old town that moves very slowly and its residents have nothing to fear but fear itself. Being in set in the South during the 1930’s the story does tackle racism and inequality for African Americans as racism was becoming more and more prominent in the 1930’s. The fact that the story takes place in a backwater county in Alabama makes the the injustice even more prevalent. The story goes through the early years of the main characters Jem and Scout so the exact time is always changing, however, the more important and intense parts of the story takes place
In conclusion, "To Kill a Mockingbird" is a breathtaking novel that challenges the themes of prejudice, discrimination, the loss of innocence and social injustice. This novel touches these topics in ways that no other had ever before it and will remain a cultural phenomenon for years to come.
The world’s greatest innovator Steve Jobs once said, ”Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most importantly, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition.” Whenever someone explains what courage is, a person’s definition would be about overcoming fear or having bravery. Despite that, courage can be an individual handling what society is asking from them and going by what their hearts say and dealing with their own problems. This concept comes into play in Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, where several of Lee’s characters experience courage by going against societal means. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee connects the characters going through their own conviction to show her theme that courage is going against society’s beliefs and handling one’s situation.
Henry Adams, a descendant of two American presidents, once said, “A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.” This is made very evident is the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, which is about two two sibling, Jem and Scout who live in Maycomb, Alabama, where racial prejudice is firmly established in the hearts of many. The young siblings obtain a great ordeal of lessons and morals, the influential people however are Atticus, Aunt Alexandra, and Calpurnia.
Harper Lee is most famous for her class, American-literature novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. Lee created a story that reflects compassion, loss of innocence, and the courage to break barriers in the midst of adversity. By creating this novel, she built one of the most model, male figures in all works of writing: Atticus Finch. Today, Atticus Finch is seen as a literary hero, and a role model for many people. From his wise council, to his unprejudiced love and care for others, Atticus Finch lives up to the strong title of being a hero.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, the author Harper Lee uses the mockingbird to symbolize the innocence of many characters. A symbol is defined as, “Something used for or regarded as representing something else” (Dictionary.com). The symbol of the mockingbird is meant to represent the innocence of many characters in the novel. Miss Maudie says to the children, “They don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” (Lee 119). In other words, to kill a mockingbird means to kill innocence. In this novel there are many characters that can be compared to mockingbirds. These characters are people that are innocent, but are killed or ruined by the evil of society (Lee).
In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee portrays Tom Robinson, Boo Radley and mayella’s mother and Jem as people with the mockingbird “trait” for many amounts of reasons. If you remember Miss Maudie's comment describing mockingbirds, she says, "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy." She continues with "..they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us." She is describing the innocence of a bird who only sings, bringing pleasure to those willing to listen. Each of the three characters selected are also innocent, willing to help people, seeing the world as a positive place even if circumstances look differently.
“Mockingbirds do nothing for us but sing all day. That’s why it’s a sin to kill one” (103). To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee tells of a small town life, disrupted by an unfair trial of a black man accused of rape.It has many underlying points, like the children trying to meet Boo Radley and new friends in the summer. As named in the title, the mockingbird is used several times to symbolize innocence destroyed by evil, the mockingbird is an innocent animal doing nothing but singing, while the one who shoots it down is the evil one destroying all innocence. The mockingbird represents certain characters throughout the story who have been metaphorically “shot down”.
The actions of the children in this novel certainly do have their share of symbolism. For instance, the building of a snowman by Jem and Scout one winter is very symbolic. There was not enough snow to make a snowman entirely out of snow, so Jem made a foundation out of dirt, and then covered it with what snow they had. One could interpret this in two different ways. First of all, the creation of the snowman by Jem can be seen as being symbolic of Jem trying to cover up the black man and showing that he is the same as the white man, that all human beings are virtually the same. Approval of these views is shown by Atticus when he tells Jem, "I didn't know how you were going to do it, but from now on I'll never worry about what'll become of you, son, you'll always have an idea." The fire that night that engulfed Miss Maudie Atkinson's house can be seen as the prejudice of Maycomb County, as the fire melted the snow from the snowman, and left nothing but a clump of mud. The fire depicts the prejudice people of the county saying that blacks and whites are, certainly, not the same. Another way of looking at the symbolism of the snowman would be to say that Jem's combination of mud and snow signifies miscegenation, marriage or sexual relations between persons of different races.
One of the more effective allegories in the novel is the building of a snowman by Jem and Scout. There was not enough snow to make a snowman entirely out of snow, so Jem made a foundation out of dirt and then covered it with what snow they had. If the snowman was made completely out of snow, Jem's action would not be so significant. Scout is very surprised when she sees the brown snowman and she exclaims: "Jem, I ain't never heard of a nigger snowman." (72), and to this Jem replies: "He won't be black long." (72). Scout's words indicate the strange nature of the snowman which is half-black, half-white. Jem, however did not find it peculiar and he "scooped up some snow and began plastering it on". Gradually Mr. Avery turned white? (73). The symbol of the snowman, like every other symbol in literature, may have various interpretations depending on the reading of the individual. In the specific case the snowman can be seen in two ways.