Tinnitus Research Papers

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Historical background Tinnitus can be defined as ringing in the ears, or other head noises that occur independently without an external noise source (Yost, 1994). Statistics based on studies conducted within the UK show about 10 percent of adults, or six million people, have constant mild tinnitus, whilst up to 1 percent of adults or 60,000 people have tinnitus that affects their quality of life. Many studies have shown that the risk of developing tinnitus increases with age. In the UK alone up to 30 percent of over 70’s experience tinnitus, compared to 12 percent of people in their 60’s and just 1 percent of people aged under 45 (British Tinnitus Association, 2011). An analysis using data from 1994-2004 National health and nutrition examination survey study found that the prevalence of frequent tinnitus, which was defined as tinnitus occurring at least once a day, rose with increasing age up to 14.3 percent of the population aged 60-69 years (Palmer et al, 2013). Tinnitus can be classified into two categories, objective and subjective forms. Objective tinnitus Objective tinnitus is relatively uncommon and its causes are simpler to identify. Objective tinnitus refers to sounds in the ear that can be heard by others, as well as the sufferer using special listening devices called stethoscopes or undergo some form of medical imaging such as MRI or CT scans. One possible cause for objective tinnitus is that it may occur due to the close proximity of an artery to the middle ear space, as a result the sufferer may perceive a rhythmic rushing noise caused by their own pulse; this is also known as ‘pulsatile tinnitus’ (Vernon, 1998). Evidence to support blood flow as a cause of objective tinnitus comes from the work of Champlin e... ... middle of paper ... ...by changing how they think about tinnitus and what they do about it, their distress is reduced; sufferers start to tolerate the noises and they eventually become less noticeable. Stress therapy is also used to help manage tinnitus. Stress is often linked to tinnitus and relaxation is well known as being helpful in relieving stress. Methods of relaxation include biofeedback, breathing exercises and meditation. A combination of both prosthetic and physiological method known as tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) has also been used in managing tinnitus. VARIOUS METHODS BUT I WILL ONLY DISCUSS…. In addition to this other methods including a caffeine free diet and stress relief medication can also be used to manage tinnitus. However this is not within the remit of an audiologist and so patients would need to consult their doctor or dietician for further detailed advice.

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