Timeline and Results of the Cold War Study Guide

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the events of the cold war results: 1. During October 1956, students, workers and soldiers in Hungary attacked the AVH (the secret police) and Russian soldiers, and smashed a statue of Stalin. 2. But when the Hungarian prime minister, Rakosi, asked Khrushchev for permission to make 400 arrests, Khrushchev said no. 3. Rakosi fell from power and on 24 October 1956 Imre Nagy - a moderate and a westerniser - took over as prime minister. 4. Nagy asked Khrushchev to move the Russian troops out. Khrushchev agreed and on 28 October 1956, the Russian army pulled out of Budapest. 5. For five days, there was freedom in Hungary. The new Hungarian government introduced democracy, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. Cardinal Mindzenty, the leader of the Catholic Church, was freed from prison. 6. Then, on 3 November 1956, Nagy announced that Hungary was going to leave the Warsaw Pact. However, Khrushchev was not going to allow this. He claimed he had received a letter from Hungarian Communist leaders asking for his help. 7. At dawn on 4 November 1956, 1,000 Russian tanks rolled into Budapest. They destroyed the Hungarian army and captured Hungarian Radio the last words broadcast were "Help! Help! Help!". 8. Hungarian people - even children - fought the Russian troops with machine guns. Some 4,000 Hungarians were killed. 9. Khrushchev put in Russian supporter, Janos Kadar, as prime minister. Causes of the Hungarian Revolution 1. Khrushchev's policy of 'de-Stalinisation' caused problems in many Eastern European Communist countries, where people hated the hard-line Stalinist regimes that Russia had put in place. There was also trouble in Poland in 1956, and Khrushchev had to send in Russian troops. 2. The Hunga... ... middle of paper ... ...th superpowers experienced economic problems. Limitations of détente 1. The Non-Proliferation Treaty did not stop other countries developing nuclear weapons (eg China, and perhaps South Africa and Israel). 2. Neither Russia or America kept to the SALT1 agreement. Neither side reduced their conventional weapons. Further talks were much less successful and a SALT2 Treaty in 1979 added little. 3. In the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, America supported Israel, and Russia supported Egypt and Syria. 4. The Helsinki Agreement achieved nothing - it confirmed the Iron Curtain and Russia ignored its promises about human rights. 5. Table tennis and space meetings were just one-off propaganda stunts. 6. Brezhnev said that Communists would still try to destroy capitalism. Some historians suggest that Nixon only went to China to drive a wedge between Russia and China.

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