To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee “You felt sorry for her, you felt sorry for her?” (Lee 197) A quote from Harper Lee’s award winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird, which says so much. It shows the prejudice present in the 1920’s and 1930’s and how a black man could not feel sorry for a white woman because he was black. Negroes were not treated as equals. In fact, Negroes were believed to be less than second-class citizens, even level with the animals on the social ladder and biologically inferior to whites. Negroes were lynched often in many states, without reason, by white mobs.
Within the criminal justice system, people of color are imprisoned disproportionately due to racist laws, are denied access to the rehabilitative options given to Whites, and are harassed and mistreated by U.S. agencies. Although people of color commit most crimes at the same rate as Whites, the unequal targeting and treatment of people of color throughout the criminal justice system from arrest to sentencing results in the disproportionate imprisonment of people of color. The criminal justice system has driven a wedge between black men and society. African American men are involved in the criminal justice system, whether though incarceration, probation, or parole, at near epidemic levels. At the same time, the criminal justice system has encouraged and persisted in racial and discriminatory actions continuing the emancipation of blacks from society.
African Americans were treated as second class citizens; lesser beings that had no rights. “Blacks could not vote, sue whites, testify against them, raise their voice to them or even look them in the eye or stay on the sidewalk if they passed.” (BL p.98) The era of Jim Crow was a dangerous time where even a glance was enough for an African American to be murdered. But there was only so much abuse that would be withstood. The winds of change were beginning to stir and African Americans and their supporters were beginning to demand their equality. The years leading up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 were turbulent times filled with great strife brought by the ever-growing dissent.
This cycle could be part of the reason African-Americans are poorer nationally than caucasians. This cycle truly began with slavery and then Jim Crow laws, African-Americans were oppressed and treated as less so they never got the chance to start on the same level as whites. We personally have family members that lived in a time when it was regular for and African American man to get lynched, tortured and killed for simply looking at a white girl wrong. We as a culture often forget how recent this really was, and that many social institutions have not fully adjusted. One of those institutions is our criminal justice system that is not as color blind as it claims to be.
Blacks shared the pain of Apartheid in one of the darkest periods in history. Blacks were horribly oppressed by tyrants who obliterated their happy, healthy lives for nothing more then their own interests. Many Laws were passed that restricted blacks from the freedoms that all people should rightfully obtain from birth. White South Africans took the black population by the throat, making it hard for blacks to live as happy people. Black South Africans were held in a form of imprisonment and could do little to fight back, causing Apartheid to be one of the darkest periods in black history.
Not everyone agreed with these new accommodations. Many whites were still against minorities and did not like how they were given legal and equal rights to live and go to school anywhere they wanted. The Klu Klux Klan was a secret organization of White Americans, mainly in the South, who use violence against Black people, Jewish people, and other minority groups, they were one of the most feared racist groups in America during the 20th century.
Before Tom Robinson’s trial there is a lot of racism towards the blacks. Whites are given more rights than the blacks because they can get successful jobs and can make black peoples’ lives misery by lying in court under oath about serious matters which can end up getting the black person killed. The people around Maycomb use a common word for a black person which is nigger. Scout does not understand about racism so she calls someone a nigger instead of a Negro because that what they say in school and in the neighbourhood but doesn’t understand why it is wrong. Scout also doesn’t understand about her father’s job, which was being a lawyer and that some people disagree with him defending the blacks and after Scout learns why she shouldn’t call black people niggers she was angry with Cecil Jacobs for saying that Atticus was defending niggers.
Both generations of Jim Crow have been implemented through legal laws or ways that the government which helps to justify the implementation of this unjust treatment of blacks. In chapter one of Alexander, she lays out the foundation of the original Jim Crow. With slavery abolished within the south, whites were beginning to feel that their economic success was going to begin to deteriorate. Without the ability to exploit blacks and keep them as slaves, it was difficult to find individuals to be able to work these horrific jobs. It also damaged the economic status of rich whites because they now were required to pay individuals for the labor that they did.
Mr. Dalton was... ... middle of paper ... ...ineteen hundreds. Back in the 1930’s, when this book took place, the white community influenced how African Americans acted because the whites always ridiculed them and always put them down and made them feel like they were nothing but a piece of property. For example, when the white people made the blacks pick cotton or when they only refer to them as 3/5 a person or by not giving them any rights. Being treated like this had to have had a negative effect on how they lived there lives. It made them more precautious around people, more curious about people, and made them have a sense that they wanted to feel what it was like to be loved and respected.
People constantly say that a stranger realizes what the real problem is rather than those who are a part of the problem. In The Philadelphia Negro by W.E.B. Du Bois, the city of Philadelphia was concerned with the Negro problems of crime, underemployment and poverty. African Americas in the seventh ward were blamed for everything that went wrong in the city because they were the minority. Even though they had abolished slavery, during the 1890s blacks were still judged and discriminated against.