Thoreau And The Woods By Henry David Thoreau

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Henry David Thoreau born on July 27, 1817 was an American author, philosopher, poet, historian, naturalist, and leading transcendentalist. Thoreau is best known for his book, “Walden; or Life in the Woods” and also his essay “Resistance to Civil Disobedience.” He was born David Henry Thoreau, and later changed his name to Henry David after college. He was born to John Thoreau, who was a pencil maker, and Cynthia Dunbar. Thoreau’s maternal grandmother, Asa Dunbar, led 1766 student Butter Rebellion at Harvard, which was the first recorded student rebellion in the colonies. He studied at Harvard, like his grandmother, between 1833 and 1837. At Harvard he took courses in rhetoric, philosophy, science, mathematics, and classics. After graduating Thoreau returned to Concord. Upon his return to Concord he met Ralph Waldo Emerson through a mutual friend. Emerson took a fatherly interest in Thoreau and urged him to meet a circle of writers and thinkers. This group included Julian Hawthorne, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Ellery Channing, Margaret Fuller, and Bronson Alcott. Thanks to Emerson, Thoreau began contributing essays and poems to a quarterly periodical called, “The Dial.” His first essay published in the periodical was entitled, “Aulus Persius Flaccus” in July of 1840. It was an essay critiquing the playwright Aulus Persius Flaccus. Thoreau was a philosopher of nature. He was interested in nature’s relation to humans. Henry David Thoreau is best known for following in the footsteps of Emerson’s idea of transcendentalism. To get a better understanding of Thoreau’s ideas of transcendentalism, I will briefly talk about Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay entitled “Nature.” It is written to show importance to nature. In the introduction of Nature, Em... ... middle of paper ... ...f and only if we were like Thoreau, one man alone in the woods. However, we are not. There’s millions of people in this country, and laws are needed. No one would be protected otherwise. There won’t be laws for how to run a business, who can take out loans, and other vital laws. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke about Thoreau’s essay. Thoreau’s political writings had slight effect during his lifetime. However, political leaders and reformers, such as President John F. Kennedy, American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr., Mohandas Gandhi, and author Leo Tolstoy all were influenced by Thoreau’s work, especially “Civil Disobedience.” Dr. King believed that there should be laws, but not laws discriminating. I as while, believe the same thing. Some laws are understandable, others aren’t. The ones I do not agree with are those that discriminate against individuals.
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