Thomson

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William Thomson also known as “Lord Kelvin,” was a very influential British physicist in the world of science. His creations and accomplishments brought the modern world to realize many ideas that later on was expanded and developed. He was born on June 26, 1824 in Belfast. While being involved in the scientific field, it made him to be acknowledged as one of many influential British inventors and scientists. He invented around fifty devices, wrote hundreds of scientific papers, and was the one that defined “absolute zero” in the Kelvin temperature scale.
At the age of 10, Thomson attended Glasgow University. Even though it might seem as a very young age to attend a University, at that time in Scotland, schools were competing among each other. Accepting young, smart students was a positive impact to the school. Thomson’s career began fairly early. He began University level work at the age of 14. About a year later when he turned 15, he won a gold medal from the University of Glasgow. He was awarded due to his Essay On the Figure of The Earth. This essay influenced him further in his lifetime. After attending Glasgow University, he then went to St. Peters College in Cambridge. There he received a mathematical honor by becoming the first Smiths Prizeman in the year of 1845. When Thomson left Cambridge, he went to Paris. He began to work in a laboratory of another physicist known as Regnault. In that laboratory, he was introduced to experimental methods of research. His interactions in that laboratory made him release his method of “spherical images, which has become of so great importance in all parts of mathematical physics” (Webster 2). When Thomson turned twenty-two in the year of 1846, he became professor of natural philosoph...

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...was gained by the contraction of the Suns mass at the expense of gravitative potential energy” (Plummer 16). This led Thomson to further explore his ideas on the conditions of a spherical mass of gas.
Thomson was also involved in hydrodynamics and his work on tides was influential. His calculation for tides has created a laborsaving machine in that it was able to predict the tides of the Indian Ocean. This led to the creation of a harmonic analyzer Another invention was a standard type of mariners compass. He recommended the use of Sumners method in order to find a ships place at sea.
People admired him the most because he had qualities such as kindliness for younger men, his modesty and his enthusiasm. William Thomson died in 1907 and was buried right next to Sir Isaac Newton’s grave. “His death significantly marks an epoch in scientific history” (Plummer 18).

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