Are freedom reserved for just a select few or are they for all peoples of different race, gender or religious belief? Are these freedoms worth fighting for? These were some of the questions the founding father of America where faced with during the birth of a free America. America was born in revolution for independence from English rule and taxation among other things. But was this freedom for a select few or was it for all races and genders. When Europeans first arrived in America the Native American Indians where already living in a free society. “In 1637 Thomas Morton’s presented an account of the Native American homes, trade, society, and religion and freely offered his own judgments about them. He condemned some of the Natives way …show more content…
Bartolome de las Casas took part in this exportation of Natives but in 1514 he freed his Indian slaves and protested the mistreatment of Indians under Spanish rule. “He also called for Indians to have the same rights as other subjects of Spain. Largely because of Las Casas’s efforts, in 1542 Spain promulgated the New Laws, ordering that Indians no longer be enslaved. But Spain’s European rivals used this treatment to twist their own agendas and made it seem they were rescuing them from Spanish …show more content…
“It is estimated that 7.7 million slaves were transported to America between 1492 and 1820”4. They were used to farm, tend to live stock, and with the rise of profitable crops the slave trade grew on a large scale. Slavery in the north was not as big as in the south due to smaller farms. The laws that governed slaves in the north where not as harsh as in the south. They had rights to bring suits in courts testify against whites and own property and pass it on. The slaves in the south had none of these rights. Many blacks risked their lives to attain freedom from the colonist, especially in South Carolina and Georgia. The first uprising occurred in New York City in 1712, when a group of slaves set fire to houses and killed many whites who arrived on the scene. The slave were tortured burned alive and killed to show other slaves the price to pay for anymore uprising against the White slave owners. It would be years later before African Americans would achieve their freedom from slavery. “February 1 1865 President Abraham Lincoln approved the joint resolution of congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. He then issued the Emancipation Proclamation on which followed the constitutional amendment to abolishment of
To many of the English colonists, any land that was granted to them in a charter by the English Crown was theirs’, with no consideration for the natives that had already owned the land. This belittlement of Indians caused great problems for the English later on, for the natives did not care about what the Crown granted the colonists for it was not theirs’ to grant in the first place. The theory of European superiority over the Native Americans caused for any differences in the way the cultures interacted, as well as amazing social unrest between the two cultures.
Bartolome de las casas: “In Defense of the Indians”(c.1550). Bartolome de Las Casas describes the treatment of Native Americans during the early settlement of the first thirteen colonies. Bartolome de las casas was a spanish historian, who in the 16th century was given the title of Protector of the Indians and sat at the Council of the Indies.Bartolome de las casas had the “intent to reveal to Spain that...its colonial rule would lead to… punishment at God 's hand” (LUNENFELD 6)This text was created to bring to light the hardship Natives went through during the Age of Exploration. Natives were badly hurt by the inflow of Europeans, and due to this faced many hardships such as disease, war, and disrupt to their way of life.In other words their
In 1865 4 million people were freed and let out on their own for the first time ever. They weren’t really sure what to do at this time but they had to find a way because they were now by themselves in a world that didn’t accept them. There were 3 Amendments made to the US Constitution that freed these slaves and put the African Americans in the country in such a bad situation. These Amendments and the actions by the president and his appointed boards were unsuccessful due to the racist laws and resistance against the American Reconstruction. Some of these laws include the Jim Crow Laws and some of these racist people congregated in a group called the Klu Klux Klan. These actions went against the 13th 14th and 15th Amendments voiding them as a whole.
Slavery was a problem that had been solved by the end of the Civil War . Slavery abused black people and forced them to work. The Northerners didn’t like this and constantly criticized Southerners causing a fight. On January 1, 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation was signed by Lincoln to free all the slaves in the border states . “...All persons held as slaves within said designated states, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free…” (Lincoln 1862). In 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment was passed which abolished slavery (Thirteenth Amendment 1865).
In 1619, slaves from Africa started being shipped to America. In the years that followed, the slave population grew and the southern states became more dependent on the slaves for their plantations. Then in the 1800s slavery began to divide America, and this became a national conflict which lead to the Civil War. Throughout history, groups in the minority have risen up to fight for their freedom. In the United States, at the time of the Civil War African Americans had to fight for their freedom. African Americans used various methods to fight for their freedom during the Civil War such as passing information and supplies to the Union Army, escaping to Union territory, and serving in the Union’s army. These actions affected the African Americans and the United States by helping the African Americans earn citizenship and abolishing slavery in the United States.
Slavery in North America flourished for over 245 years, having the first African American slave auctioned off in 1619. It was not until December 6, 1865 that the United States abolished slavery under the ratification of the thirteenth amendment. Before their liberation, African American slaves were treated brutally and were restricted access to any sources of education. Although education was illegal for slaves, several African Americans like Frederick Douglass, secretly learned from their masters in realization that education was the only source to freedom. Through the use of a few select rhetorical devices, Douglass effectively characterizes the importance of knowledge in a slave-holding society in his autobiography, “From Narrative of the
The abolition movement continued to grow, choking the south until they couldn’t breathe. Radical abolitionists begin to lead slave revolts. Slave’s rebel and escape towards the north. The tension between the north and the south intensifies. The civil war erupts across the nation. The north wins, and President Lincoln issues The Emancipation Proclamation. The slaves are finally free.
January 1st, 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. The Emancipation Proclamation allowed any slaves to flee to the North. In 1865 slaves were free, and slavery was over. Thanks to the 13th Amendment. Since all the slaves were free, everyone had to figure out where to begin, and what to do. Everything was still racist around that time, so it was really hard to find a person who would give them a job. A lot of African Americans were looking for jobs, a lot of them already had the proper education for any good jobs. The only job that was left for them was Sharecropping. Lot of African Americans went back to their old owner, and asked for there jobs into sharecroppers. African Americans would have to turn in what they got , and they
This was based on reading the extract from Las Casas’ Very Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Although the countrymen did not agree with Las Casas’ account of witnessing the killings and slaughter of Indian men, women, and children. Therefore, Las Casas continued to fight for the Indians’ rights. Las Casas received criticism but took action to prevent any further destruction of the Indians by suggesting other options for Spain. In 1542, the New Laws demanded that Indians no longer would become slaves. Though, Las Casas later suggested to the importing slaves from Africa to prevent the Indians from slavery and protect their right to enjoy their freedom and land. The Indians were allowed to access their land and work for wages set by the Spaniard’s system of government. The Indians gained their freedom with guidelines set by the Spaniards, consequently the imported slaves from Africa lost their
President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 freed slaves in the Confederate states. But it did not guarantee anyone an education, a job, or a place to live. The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution made slavery illegal. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments were passed later, and they were supposed to give blacks all their civil rights, especially the right to vote.
The proclamation was first announced September 22nd, 1862 by Abraham Lincoln, but it did not take effect until Lincoln delivered the proclamation for a second time on January 1st, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves within the Confederate states. In addition to freeing slaves from the states in rebellion, it also allowed freed African Americans to join the United States military. The Union and the Confederacy were both affected by the Emancipation Proclamation in different ways. For the Confederacy, many slaves were lost on plantations once they were freed. This made it especially difficult for those men who entered the military and left their plantations in the hands of their families and slaves. As Lincoln had stated in the Emancipation Proclamation (1863), the government was to “recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons” freed by the decree meaning that all freed African Americans were to be recognized as American citizens since they were not recognized as such before. While recently free African Americans were able to remain in the South, many migrated to the North to begin a new life. As many left plantations in the South, both the Confederate army and the Union army gained numerous amounts of freed African Americans on the battle field. The Union gained more African Americans than the
On January first 1863 lincoln past the law which change the title of slaves to free. Slaves that ran away and crossed the border were legality free. The Emancipation could not be enforced in rebellion regions but as the union army took over the land the slaves were freed. On September 22nd Lincoln said he was going to but the Emancipation Proclamation if the Confederate did not end their rebellion against the Union. Lincoln was hoping that the south would give up or some of them would get up. The Emancipation Proclamation lifted the spirits of African Americans both free and slave, which gave them hope and they started to fight back.
In 1831 abolitionism and the underground railroad were created because of Nat Turner’s revolt. In 1857 the Dred Scott case occurred and the ruling was that all northerners were called to capture African Americans and return them to the South. In 1859 John Brown raided the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia. In 1861 the Civil War began and Lincoln gave the Emancipation Proclamation. After the Civil War African Americans started earning their freedoms back. Before the Civil War live was tough for African Americans, they were used as slaves working long hours a day without rest, they were bid on and sold like cattle, Wives and Husbands were separated and if they had children they were most of the time separated from them. They had little rest throughout the day, they had horrible living conditions and had little to no food. They had to do what the plantation owner said if not, then they would be whipped or put to
Thomas Morton wrote about the Native Americans and their way of life while the colonist slowly populated the Americas. Native American’s living styles, religious views, and the relations the Indians had with the colonist are a few of the things that came across when you heard about the Indians during the time the colonist inhabited the Americas.
When they found the “new world” is too weak to resist the invasion of European, they started to establish the colony in America. Bartolomé de Las Casas used to be a priest who explored America on Hispaniola and Cuba. But after he witnessed the colonists enslave and mistreat Indians, he changed his mind and start to protect the Indians. He free his Indian slaves in 1514, and start to against Spanish mistreat them (Foner, p.7). After that, he made the effort to liberate the Indian slaves, and he had backed to Spain several times want to make the King reduce the heavy labor of Indians. Finally, Spain published New Laws in 1542, which indicate that Indians no longer be enslaved (Foner, p.7).