Thomas Kuhn's Theory Of The Scientific Theory: Robert Van Leeuwenhoek

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Robert Van Leeuwenhoek was a prominent scientist of his time. He could arguably be considered an absolute genius of his time period. Nobody was able to reproduce his findings for nearly a century later. That is a huge span of time, showing just how advanced his scientific methods truly were. This is an example of Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm shift. Kuhn came up with the idea of paradigm shift in a sudden moment of eureka. Kuhn readily challenged the ideas of other scientists and the way science ought to be learned and processed (Wienberger). Leeuwenhoek is a very interesting scientist to study in the fact that he had no formal institutional education. However, he did spend a majority of his childhood with his Uncle who was a lawyer. This small detail…show more content…
He was an empiricist, meaning he had to make logical or empirical connections in order for something to be cognitively meaningful. “There is a great difference between the system of logical interconnections of thought and the actual way in which thinking processes are performed. The psychological operations of thinking are rather vague and fluctuating processes; they almost never keep to the ways prescribed by logic and may even skip whole groups of operations which would be needed for a complete exposition of the subject in question. That is valid for thinking in daily life, as well as for the mental procedure of a man of science, who is confronted by the task of finding logical interconnections between divergent ideas about newly observed facts”. This quote from Reichenbach describes a profound problem in science. This problem is taking scientific knowledge from a scientists ideas and being able to present them to the public. Reichenbach believed that if you are unable to speak about the subject you are studying, then you do not have real knowledge of the subject. Reichenbach describes the thought processes of scientists as “psychology”. The underlying theme behind Reichenbach’s philosophy is proving that the works of many scientists that have been published are usually jargon and not supported fully. Hans Reichenbach says that even though the scientists may have the missing facts in his mind, they are not always portrayed in the work they present. This poses a huge problem; society therefore then is not able to help with such findings because they may be missing key basic facts that are essential in furthering this scientists ideas. In my opinion I believe a lot of scientists purposely leave out certain psychological dynamics in an experiment. A prime example being Leeuwenhoek. Leeuwenhoek took this to an extreme by even lying to colleagues about his work. I believe this is common practice because a

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