Such abuse of absolute power led to new concepts of power structures, which ultimately led to the development of modern democracy. Such examples include the power struggle of the English and French monarchy, and the independence of the United States. During the rule of Charles I, his decision to outright ignore the Parliament turned him into a controversial figure. Moreover, his marriage to a Roman Catholic princess during a time of turbulence between the Protestants and Catholics (with England being predominantly Protestant) further contributed to his controversies1. The Parliament, albeit limited in power, acquired de facto power in previous centuries, making them a significant group in the kingdoms.
The excerpt itself influenced colonists to take actions for their tolerance from the British and gave them the strength they needed to become unified. In the text, "The House of Commons Questions Benjamin Franklin, 1776," discussed the significance of taxation without representation and it's effectiveness towards the colonists, from his understanding of taxes. The build up to the revolution influenced the colonists' beliefs about their identities as "Englishmen" and about taxation. Yet, they also needed to realize their independent in order for them to begin open rebellion. In the American Revolution, the colonists had strong beliefs that the English government was unfair and often tyrannical.
Locke used the arguments that a government is nothing if it is not supported by the power of its citizens. He argued that the citizens of the government were not well represented in the government so it was justified to be overthrown. This is what he thought about the overthrowing of King James of England in 1688. Locke argued that if the people in a country were to dissolve then the government in that country will also dissolve. He saw a country as a big group of people with similar views.
Morality is fundamentally about duty, the duty each individual has to abide by the natural law John Locke believed in the existence of a "Natural Law" that transcends any man-made law. Simply put all citizens have a right to "life, liberty and property." If the government is violating the people 's natural rights (life, liberty, and property/pursuit of happiness), then the people have a right to overthrow the government. Then there is the social contract. The people must do as the government say, the government does not take away the people 's natural rights, Locke allowed taxation to take place by the consent of the majority rather than requiring unanimous consent.
(2005). Leibniz: Metaphysics.Internet encylcopedia of philosophy. Retrieved (2009, November 1) from http://www.iep.utm.edu/leib-met/#SH9c McDonald, W. (2005). Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855). Internet encylcopedia of philosophy.
Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013 Miller, Arthur.The Crucible.Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience. Upper Saddle River, N. J.: Pearson, 2010.
Paine also criticizes the idea of monarchy and hereditary succession. Complications would ultimately arise through his ideas and theories due to the differences in religions. Thomas Paine expresses his feelings toward the English constitution and its flaws specifically the crown. According to Paine, "because the corrupt influence of the Crown, by having all the places in its disposal, hath so effectually swallowed up the power, and eaten out the virtue of the House of Commons" shows that with power comes corruption and in this case is the crown ruler of Britain. Paine gives an example of an up and coming colony which will develop a government which cannot be overturned which he said, " depends the STRENGTH OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE HAPPINESS OF THE GOVERNED."