Thomas Hobbes And John Locke: The Concept Of The State Of Justice

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Living in a society that based on the social contracts we signed, government and man-written law are without doubt forceful defenders of the covenant itself. They provided benefits to its citizens as well as the protection to the state’s safeness. Nonetheless they should not be the only ground that justice lays itself on and shall never be the prerequisite for justice.

To decide whether justice can be separated apart from government or law, we shall first focus on the conception of the state of nature: a hypothetical condition in which the government and law can be nowhere to find. Two great philosophers from the Enlightenment period, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke had expressed their thoughts towards this topic.

According to Locke’s “The Second Treaties of Government” in the states of nature, people are free to “order actions and dispose of their possessions and persons”; (Locke 2-3) another way to put it, people are under the perfect freedom and equality. Locke here further elaborates Socrates’ notion of justice, which is “do
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(86-87) Nevertheless, he states heavily on the function of government as the “sword” to protect the covenant that without the existence of government and law, the covenant itself is only plain words without the implementation. (Hobbes

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