The Committees of Observation and Safety was made to enforce the ban on local trade through elected local committees. King George III considered this as a rebellion and took forceful action in the battles of Lexington and Concord. Only 8 colonists died and out of 700 British soldiers, 73 died and 202 were missing or wounded. They were harassed back to Boston and surrounded by militias. Being taxed by the parliament only makes the colonists realize that they don’t need to take orders from the British anymore.
The Navigations Acts and the Sugar Acts of 1764, which was a tax placed on imported molasses and sugar, had not directly affected colonists, it affected the merchants. The merchants in hand would just raise prices. The stamp act was completely different. It said that any document or printed item would need to have a stamp placed on it purchased from the British government. The Stamp Act upset the colonist... ... middle of paper ... ...ited through their local governments though, because they wanted to stay colonies to Britain they still had no future plans for independence, the people believed that they would be able to either get representation in parliament or that the taxes on colonists would end.
In response to this Act, the colonists began to smuggle goods into the colonies. Parliament also passed a series of Navigation Laws, which further restricted trade from the colonies. Cromwell passe... ... middle of paper ... ...ion and ideas and to build colonial unity, and, in 1774, these committees prepared the way for the First Continental Congress. The representatives at this First Continental Congress, except for a few radicals, had not met to consider independence, but wished only to persuade the British government to recognize their rights. A plan of reconciliation offered by Joseph Galloway was rejected.
Following the long and harrowing French and Indian War, Britain was deep in debt and George Grenville was appointed British Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was determined to pay off the debt by taxing the colonies. He not only reinforced the ignored Navigation Acts, but he placed the new Sugar Act which was similar to the Molasses Act which put a tax on rum and molasses imported from West Indies, but this Act would be enforced. Needless to say, the colonists were not used to this intrusion of Parliament and felt that it was wrong because there were no members in Parliament to represent the colonies. They felt it was a direct violation of their civil liberties and resentment was beginning to spawn.
Parliament passed another law in 1765, called the Stamp Act. The stamp act is when stamps are placed on many different types of articles and documents. So when you would buy it a direct tax went straight to the government. Many were upset by the extra charges and formed a boycott. A boycott is the refusal to buy British goods-until Parliament repealed the law.
The Act stated they must use stamped paper for printing bills, legal documents, and playing cards. England saw these acts as needed to cover the expense for the soldiers protecting the colonies; the Americans did not feel the soldier’s needed to be in the New World and hated the taxes. The Prime Minister claimed that the Colonists were represented in the parliament: each member stood for the empire as a whole. The acts imposed by England to control and monitor America only succeeded in helping with t... ... middle of paper ... ...as the Battle of Lexington, the first in a series of wars in a span of eight-years between the colonist and Britain. In January of 1776, Thomas Payne published Common Sense; a letter that stated kingship is hazardous to liberty and is undemocratic.
This act was to put a tax “upon every paper commonly called a pamphlet and upon every newspaper” (Copeland 193). Because the Stamp Act was an internal tax, which meant this tax law was only enforced in America, this made the colonists even angrier (Burgan 23). The passage of the Stamp Act in 1765 and the colonial reaction to that act marked the turning point in Parliament's approach to taxation and in the colonists' relationship to their mother country. Prior to the Stamp Act the colonial assemblies levied taxes for the support of the colonial governmen... ... middle of paper ... ...ndies (General Reference Gold ¶ 1). A letter was written by the colonists, to England, which showed the colonists were not united against the Acts (Copeland 195).
If the British could emasculate the local militias, perhaps this rebellion could be put down rather quickly and effectively. Unfortunately, the rift was already too large to repair. Both sides were on the verge of war. Americans constantly evoked the ideals of liberty and taxation without representation in their struggle against the British. For the colonists, being taxed and adhering to new British laws passed in Parliament without a representative violated their basic rights.
The king didn't want to tax his own country because the war left them with little money. Also the king was already taxing his people from everything from windows to salt.The king of Great Britain started to tax the colonists. This upset them very much. They had done nothing wrong towards Great Britain. But they had stand up for what they believed in order to have a free and independent country.
There, all the colonists realized the first time, that they were treated wrong by the British government. It was an important step towards the independence dream, which was resting in the head of each colonist. They all flew from their mother country to start a new life in a new world, but the British government didn't gine them the possibility by controlling them. The causes for the Boston Tea Party The events leading to the Boston Tea Party began already ten years before ( 1763 ), when the English won the French-and-Indian War. The king of Britain passed taxes on the colonies to make up for the loss of money because of the war.