Thinking in the Future

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There have been many conflicts throughout the history of human kind. Even though these conflicts cannot be clearly foreseen, there are analysts and political scientists that study the behavior of some countries and make very accurately predictions. Samuel P. Huntington wrote in 1993 the article “Clash of Civilizations” where he analyses the situation after the cold war and makes an evaluation of what can happen in a not distant future.
Huntington points out that the main source of the conflict will not be the ideologies or even economics, but the cultural background. He warns that the Nation States will be the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the main conflict in global politics will be between nations and groups of different civilizations. "The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics; the fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future.” (Huntington). As people become more defined by their ethnicity or religion, the West will be more and more confronted with non-western civilizations that reject its most typical head-ideals: democracy, human rights, freedom, sovereignty of law and separation between Church and State. According to Huntington the top civilizations that will lead the next big conflict in the world will be: Western (It is not clear for me if he is only referring to Europe or he is also including the United States), Confucian (China), Japanese (Japan), Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American, and probably African civilizations.
Huntington divides his work in five sections. He first analyses the confrontation between cultures claiming that this had not happened before. In the second section, Huntington discusses the different balances that had been taking place b...

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... it can be translated into the normalization and stabilization of the most unstable part of Europe that is the Balkans. Even though Huntington expresses that different civilizations cannot get along, the first purpose of the European community for doing this was not commerce, but peace. The commerce was only a tool to get to that end.
To conclude, while not all Huntington affirmations, in my opinion, are a bit wrong, I believe that his prophesies about wars are far from being met. Currently the only factors that could hamper relations between civilizations (that are increasingly closer) would be the relationships of domination that exist within today's world where the information is increasingly accessible to the masses and there is a large telecommunications system which promote the daily exchange of different cultures and a growing awareness of the global world.
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