The increase of computer usage in schools, primarily elementary, has enhanced student learning. The study I looked at recognized the importance of technology in education, but then examined teachers’ educational background and knowledge of technology and its effect on their integration of computers and computer software into classroom curriculum. It also researched the impact and effectiveness of such technologies on student learning. Both Alex Pan and Stuart Carroll, the authors of the study, are professors of elementary and early childhood education at the College of New Jersey in Ewing. Alex’s specialty is in the area of the effectiveness of the use of educational technology.
Currently educators are encouraged and charged with developing comprehensive technology plans for their classrooms that incorporate the use of software to support assessment of students throughout the year. Educators must heed the differences between assessment of learning (summative), assessment for learning (formative), and assessment as learning, and realize where the emphasis must be placed. Under the current policy and mandate of assessing students many educators meet the task of assessments with trepidation as they create anxiety for students and a perceived increased work load for teachers. If we reflect on assessment as a means of judging performance to inform our method of instruction which in turn allows us to appraise and modify the manner in which our students learn, we can see the benefit and necessity of assessment. In many ways assessments not only show the progress of a student but provide the opportunity for growth as a teacher.
In ensuring that genuine learning transpires in the classroom, there are various issues that educators must concern their selves with. Understanding and responding to these issues require extensive knowledge of various theories in education as well as in the application of such theories. One such issue which is the focus of this paper is that on how learning occurs. Student learning is the primary goal of any academic institution, and leading students to achieve learning is the purpose of every educator. However in order for teachers to be able to lead students to learn, it is only logical to consider that teachers must know how learning actually transpires.
It also provide insight into new knowledge and skills in dealing with the problem been investigated. There are several striking difference between the teach inquiry/ action research and educational researcher. In a teacher inquiry / action research the... ... middle of paper ... ...Nyugen_2007.pdf Opie,C. (2003) What is Educational Research:http://www.corwin.com/upm-data/9464_011245Ch1.pdf Ross,N.K. ed (2005).Educational research: some basic concepts and terminology.
This quote confirms that we should be educating students to the best of our abilities; therefore it captures my understanding of the debate of how best to address linguistic diversity in the schools. The pragmatic approach presented a bevy of reasons why it is the best approach in teaching second language learners, and there were numerous items that I agreed with. I agreed with the following aspect from the argument according to Commins and Miramontes (2005), “Educators need to organize themselves so that throughout the entire day every teacher’s instruction provides students the time, experiences and opportunities they need to fully develop academic proficiency” (p. 123). It is very important that educators prepare and plan effectively on a daily basis. In addition, educators need to make sure students are given the opportunity to be active participants within the lesson.
Finally, he suggests teachers document what they’ve tried, how it worked, and to share their learning. This is where the PLNs will play an integral part in teacher innovation and flexibility to new technology. If we are in constant contact with others who are experimenting with new technology, we can learn from their experiences. This will help schools make more informed decisions about what technological decisions should be made to enhance the learning experiences of their
Slavitch and Zimbardo (2012) assert that adult learners desire to improve their understandings by adjusting their “frames of reference,” including their points of view and habits of mind. In the case of the grade change initiative, the frames of reference were shaped by the parents, students, and administration. The committee entered the situation already having used instrumental learning to arrive at a solution. Their jobs to “reframe” the teachers’ beliefs and practices was able to work through the committee’s use of modified andragogy, allowing the teachers to discover their own truths as educators (Mezirow, 1997). Although entering the situation with an already-decided, seemingly autocratic decision in place, the committee was able to use their passionate transformative skills to win the teachers over to their side.
The process should be viewed as all inclusive and various communities and partnerships should have a say in the preparation of standards that are being placed in such high demand. Societal & Cultural Influences on Curriculum Development Two main influences on curriculum development are society and culture. Many people have the mentality that curriculum development is not rooted through society and culture. However; when you actually ... ... middle of paper ... ...posed in regards to new leaders coming on board to propel the initiatives of Goals 2000. Lewis, (1995) believes that the next edition of standard based reforms will deal mainly with the classroom to improve teacher preparation, training, and professional development.
While there are several ways that education is affecting and can be properly put into an education system, there are a few ways that will be the most effective. This are the building blocks for a strong foundation; making technology in the class room a school wide program, incorporating what is learned using technology with other mediums of learning, teach students how technology affects them in ways outside the classroom, and make sure that teachers are using technology in their class rooms effectively and are proficient in the technology themselves. It is first important to understand how many students are affected by this new way of educating. The United States of America currently has a population of 317,184,764 people. The U.S. is currently ranked 3rd in overall population following China and India.
However, it is necessary that teachers understand the positive and negative aspects of technology, to enlighten the teacher that technology should not be the only source for assessments. References Bull, J. (1993). Using technology to assess student learning. Retrieved October 25, 2011 from, http://www.caacentre.ac.uk/dldocs/alter.pdf Neir Tec.