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Therapeutic Use of Animals Description

Animals may be incorporated into the treatment process to facilitate the attainment of calculated goals and objectives. These goals and objectives may be physical (fine or gross motor skills), social (casual interaction), intellectual (recreation education), or emotional (anxiety reduction) in nature. Animals involved in these interventions have undergone rigorous training and assessment processes and are accompanied by trained handlers with dedicated knowledge of the profession (Powell, 2012). Potential Target Groups Research demonstrates that the therapeutic use of animals may be beneficial to a wide range of individuals. Research findings support the positive benefits of therapeutic animals working with the geriatric population within nursing homes, long-term care and hospital settings (Banks & Banks, 2002). Also within the hospital setting, therapeutic animals have been used within psychiatric and rehabilitation units to help promote goal attainment for individuals with mental health disorders or physical disabilities (Moretti, De Ronchi, Bernabei, Marchetti, Ferrari, Forlani, Negretti, Sacchetti & Atti, 2011). A study also delineates programs within detention facilities where incarcerated individuals are offered the opportunity to participate in the training of therapeutic animals. Training these animals for future animal therapy use has proven to have inherent therapeutic benefits for the inmates (Strimple, 2003). Animals have also been used for social, intellectual and visual impairments within various settings. Versions There are several versions of the therapeutic use of animals. The first is therapeutic visitation animals, which involves the use of a family pet whose owner wishes to offer animal companionship to th... ... middle of paper ... ...s, 11, 125-129. O’Haire, M.E., McKenzie, S.J., McCune, S., and Slaughter, V. (2014). Effects of classroom animal-assisted activities on social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 20(3), 162-168. Pet Partners. (2012). Pet partners therapy animal program. Retrieved from http://www.petpartners.org/PPTherapyAnimalProgram. Powell, J. (2012). Animal therapy for elderly with memory disorders. Human Ageing and Elderly Service, 1(1), 18-20. St. John Ambulance. (2014). Therapy dog services. Retrieved from http://www.sja.ca/English/Community-Services/Pages/TherapyDogServices/default.aspx. Strimple, E. (2003). A history of prison inmate–animal interaction programs. American Behavioral Scientist, 47(1), 70-78. Therapeutic Paws of Canada. (2011). About tpoc. Retrieved from http://tpoc.ca/.
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