1. Introduction How do we explain, predict and control human behavior? This question remains a central underlying theme within psychology as a whole. Few specific branches of psychology have attempted to integrate multiple perspectives within their fields of research. Evolutionary psychology appears to be unique in this endeavor, and as the following researchers point out, “Evolutionary psychology is the long-forestalled scientific attempt to assemble out of the disjointed, fragmentary, and mutually contradictory human disciplines a single, logically integrated research framework for the psychological, social, and behavioural sciences—a framework that not only incorporates the evolutionary sciences on a full and equal basis, but that systematically works out all of the revisions in existing belief and research practice that such a synthesis requires” (Tooby & Cosmides, 2005) A unification of this type is unquestionably an enormous undertaking, but as the following review ventures, it is likely to be a worthwhile contribution to a number of existing disciplines.
Cognitive psychology is a very complex study of the mind, brain and the structures that make up the mental processes in individuals. A common question that psychologists attempt to answer in depth is the question that asks how individuals account for the basic events that have occurred and the fundamental capacities humans have. With that said, the fundamental assumption of cognitivism is that psychology needs to appeal to internal cognitive processes to understand intelligent behavior. However, individuals such as eliminative materialist’s and sociobiologist’s arguments continue to debate reasoning that understanding intelligent behaviors doesn’t need to appeal to these processes. Throughout time, many cognitive scientists have developed arguments supporting the common assumption that psychology needs to appeal to internal cognitive processes to understand intelligent behavior.
Environmental factors interact with genetics to form personality. The biological approach is just one of many that explains why we are the way we are. Some psychologists, such as Carl Jung, Hans Eysenck, and B.F. Skinner developed theories emphasizing the genetic influences on personality. Charles Darwin was the first who introduced that evolution mixed with genetics play a role in the behavior of humans. By looking at our personality with a biological approach, psychologists understand exactly how and why the brain influences the way people act, feel, and think and new treatments are made from studying this approach to psychology.
Even though the social cognitive perspective focuses on the attitude and perspective when it comes to understanding social psychology and research. Evolutionary psychology is an important factor when it comes to the researching the roles of individuals in society due to their biological and genetic makeup. because The phenomenological perspective has a really important role when it comes to research because it speaks on how individuals and groups interpret certain situations., The behavior learning perspective relates to the research of the social psychologist because it teaches you about how certain actions and behaviors are learned through observation of others behaviors, and The gender role concept is important also when we have looking
Don't the advanced learning capacities of humans negate the relevance of an evolutionary approach to human behavior? No, because not all behavior is learned or just there from the beginning. According to human behavioral ecology, peoples' interests are defined in evolutionary terms: as wanting to maximize their fitness. 2. Evolutionary psychology assumes that the brain is composed of many domain-specific cognitive modules.
There are a number of important issues that have been debated throughout the history of Psychology. This essay will consider two key issues concerning the way Psychology is conducted and understood. These issues include the scientific status of Psychology and the ethical dilemma of how far should psychologists go in the pursuit of knowledge? To decide whether psychology is a science, we first have to define a science. Science builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions of the universe.
For example, if there are specific scientific objectives then the study can be laboratory based and use experimental procedures in order to gain knowledge. Psychologists who use this positivistic method are classified as experimental social psychologists. On the other hand, critical-social psychologists have competed with the experimental-social psychologists. The strength of the critical-social psychologists is that they’ve used a range of different methods in research, and have... ... middle of paper ... ...ocial psychology now has a great impact on social cognitive approach. Social cognition includes attribution, stereotypes, autism, (Striano & Reid, 2008).
(Feist and Rosenberg) The evolutionary perspective focuses on how behaviors and human tendencies are passed down through genes and because of survival instincts, behavioral tendencies evolve over time across generations. (Feist and Rosenberg) The sociocultural perspective recognizes that ethnicity, religion, occupation and socioeconomic class determine how behaviors develop over time. (Feist and Rosenberg) There are many schools of thought as to how to figure out human nature and the responses we have to our surroundings. Most believe that a combination of these theories best help us understand human nature and behavioral tendencies. In order to have a comprehensive understanding of psychology, we must dive in to the origins of these different perspectives.
I argue that the behavior of other agents is insufficiently described in current debates as a dichotomy between tacit theory (attributing beliefs and desires to predict behavior) and simulation theory (imagining what one would do in similar circumstances in order to predict behavior). I introduce two questions about the foundation and development of our ability both to attribute belief and to simulate it. I then propose that there is one additional method used to predict behavior, namely, an inductive strategy. Our ability to predict and explain the behavior of other humans has long been of interest for both philosophers and psychologists. Initially, it was taken for granted that this competence is based on an ability to attribute beliefs and desires to other humans.
This assignment aims to give a broad explanation about social psychology; establishing what the topic covers, its contribution to psychological research, what questions social psychologists set out to answer and how it is different to other psychological fields. The history of social psychology will be explored with reference to the social psychological ‘crises”. In the later part of this assignment influential research into obedience will be explored and evaluated with reference to its impact on social psychology. Social psychology is about defining human behaviour through scientific methods, Gordon Allport (1985) claimed we use scientific methods like imperial data to “understand and explain how the thought, feeling and behaviour of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings”. Social psychologists are ultimately interested in the effect of other’s on our own behaviour producing a lot of research on the nature vs. nurture debate.