Theory Of Erikson Parenting Theory

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Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory is brought upon by what influences the personality development of a person, from infancy to late adulthood and maturity. Including both external social factors and internal psychological factors, Erikson developed 8 stages, named after particular crises that a person must resolve to achieve a new level of maturity. Newman (2016) states that normal development isn’t a smooth process, this demonstrated by the use of the term ‘crisis’. A crisis refers to the pressures and difficulties that arise meaning an individual must make adjustments and adapt to social environments and expectations. Resolution of these crises allows movement to the next stage, although previous achievements are not forgotten. Positively…show more content…
Baumrind suggests four categories of parenting style based on four determining factors: Control, clarity of communication, maturity demands and nurturance. The four categories represent high or low levels of the four factors above; although there are also individual variations as every parenting style is different and may even fall into two categories. Parenting styles may also change as family circumstances or personal views and attitudes change, or as children grow older (Hoffnung et al.,…show more content…
In Logan’s case, his family had a major disruption of Sophie getting Leukaemia, therefore, creating stress and fear for the whole family. This shock was enough to alter the way Logan’s parents acted towards him and Ben. Logan received little nurturance and had bad communication, demonstrated when he had false hope about everything being normal when Sophie came home, and he couldn’t concentrate at school anymore. He had little control and input into decisions such as his birthday party, but was expected to have high levels of maturity and understanding for such a young age, moving across homes and having an unsettled routine. Because of the stress and illness, Logan’s parents were displaying many aspects of authoritarian parenting, although this was not their usual parenting style before Sophie got sick. Logan was good at school and had a number of friends, demonstrating that he has had emotional stability, love and nurturance in his life, which are features of authoritative parenting that were clearly present
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