Theories in Second Language Acquisition by James P. Lantolf and Steven L. Thorne

609 Words3 Pages
Introduction
Acquiring second language has its impact on the social and cultural knowledge. One of the theories that concern with that knowledge is the sociocultural theory that was originated by the Russian psychologist L. S. Vygotsky. The theory explains how individual mental functioning is related to cultural, institutional, and historical context. SCT has three main areas. These are: interaction, ZPD, and scaffolding.

Summary
In chapter (11) of James P. Lantolf and Steven L. Thorne’s book “Theories in second language acquisition” they expounded sociocultural theory in depth. It starts with a brief introduction about the theory then some detailed information. SCT focuses on how language(s) learned through mediated process on human mentality by taking part in cultural activities, which include interaction.
The next point they stated is the theory and its constructs, which are mediation, internalization, and imitation.
Mediation has a deep connection with SCT, and it is basically the use of tools that human needs to mediate their own psychological activity. Weather it is physical...

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