Theories Of Psychosocial Development

1030 Words5 Pages
Introduction In the older adult population, there are many physical and cognitive changes that affect the way this population lives in comparison to those in middle adulthood and young adulthood. These changes should also be addressed differently when treating them in comparison to other age populations. Psychosocial Development is Erik Erikson’s theory made up of eight life stages. As described by Kristin Rasmussen and Neil J. Salkind (2008), each stage is categorized by age and an appropriate life event, which requires an individual to choose between two contradicting developmental outcomes. “Each stage outcome provides a contribution to identity formation in the form of ego strengths” (Salkind, 2008, p.352). More specifically, at the age…show more content…
1, para. 2). The theory is a strong relationship between the past, the present and the predictability of thoughts, actions, behaviours and adapting to social norms. Using this theory as a basis to the explanation of why Marco has suddenly gotten into a depressed state and it is hindering his recovery because he has not successfully given himself realistic expectations towards aging (Atchley, 2000, p. 1, para. 2). He has held on to this idea of internal continuity that associating his identity with his newfound hobby will bring him self-worth and makes him feel capable even though he is aging (Nimrod, & Kleiber, 2007, p. 2, para. 2). The aspect of continuity theory of maintaining patterns in activity over the course of a person’s life, Maddox (1968) suggests, that this contributes to their well-being. This hinders Marco’s recovery because due to his injury he can no longer maintain those patterns in activity so not being able to participate consistently negatively affects his well being, which is manifesting in the form of…show more content…
Although many are focused on the patient’s health physically, there are many mental health issues that should not be overlooked. Major depression affects only 3-5% of older adults age 65 and above (Cappeliez, 2015). However, depressive symptoms are extremely common in the older adult population averaging at 15%. According to Munk and Zanjani (2011) significant symptoms contributes to disease burden, decrease living standards, increased risk of death, and more frequent use of medical services. In Marco’s case, he is feeling and has experienced all these things and as mentioned earlier, his psychosocial wellbeing is another factor contributing to his depression. Another study suggests, that patients who experience depression post-injury cannot or have a difficult time getting back to pre-injury level function (Richmond, Amsterdam, Guo, Ackerson, Gracias, Robinson, & Hollander, 2009, para. 40). Applying this to Marco’s case, it hinders the likeliness of recovery because not only physically his body takes longer to heal and there will be scar tissue due to his age and his body’s inability to have complete recovery. Continually seeking professional help from his general physician and with support of other health care workers, Marco’s wellbeing can be addressed as well as his physical

More about Theories Of Psychosocial Development

Open Document