Theories Of Psychosocial Development

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Psychosocial Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust The first stage of Erikson's theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age. The infant is not sure about the world. When they see that someone always cares for them; and the care is predictable and reliable, they are secure and gain a sense of trust. Not developing trust will result in fear and believing that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable. If a child has trust, they will also have hope. Hope that when a problem comes up, other people can be there to help them. If they don’t have hope, they will have fear. Psychosocial Stage 2 – Autonomy (independence) vs. Shame (Doubt) This stage takes place during early childhood and focuses on kids developing personal control and mobility. They will start to be more independent. Like walking away from their parents, or picking up a toy on their own. If they successfully complete this stage, they feel secure and confident. Those who don’t will feel inadequate and have self-doubt. A child who has a balance between these two will have will. Psychosocial Stage 3 - Initiative vs. Guilt During preschool years, from around 3-5, children begin to assert themselves more often. They interact with other children. They begin to see their interpersonal skills through social activity and playing. When children find the right balance with willingness to work with others and initiave, they feel capable to lead others, and have the virtue of purpose. Those who don’t develop these skills have a sense of guilt, self-doubt, and lack of initiative. Psychosocial Stage 4 - Industry (competence) vs. Inferiority From ages 5 to 11, they will begin reading and writing, using tools, and making things. When they interact with other k... ... middle of paper ... ...e they are contributing to the world. Those who don’t have this will feel unproductive and uninvolved in the world. In this stage you develop care. You will feel proud of the things you have done, and have unity with your partner. Psychosocial Stage 8 - Integrity vs. Despair During old age you reflect back on life. If you look back and are not proud of the things you have done, you feel dissatisfied with life and have many regrets, and despair. But if you are proud of they have done, they will have integrity. If you successfully complete this stage, you will have few regrets about the past, and you will be satisfied. They will develop wisdom, which will help them look back on their life with closure. Even when thinking about their death. Works Cited: http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html http://www.pccua.edu/keough/erikson's_stages_of_development.htm
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