Cleanthes observed that the world had an order to it, and that it must be attributed to a purposeful backing. Cleanthes stressed the importance of the anthropomorphizing of God through that it was the only way we could become closer to him and celebrate his greatness. He argued that Demea’s God was too un-relatable to humanity and that nobody would worship him. Cleanthes solved for the problem of evil by pointing out that there is much more good than evil in the world. Cleanthes said that Philo and Demea were overexaggerating on the amount of evil, and that goodness heavily outweighed evil, proving that God does exist with his triad of
Since God made us in His image, shouldn’t we have some part of us, however small, that is incorruptibly good? He puts the blame of evil on our free will. This means that God was not the creator of evil and could be both wholly good and omnipotent. Augustine also addresses the problem of bad things happening to innocent people. All of his arguments seem valid to me.
God told Adam and Eve not to eat the forbidden fruit , they did anyways God punished them but also perceived .In Paradise lost there are many speculations to prove there was a superior and an inferior in every circumstance but god was the hierarchy of them all. He was the creator of all and superior. God had given each a different outlook on everyone. Though we are not created from free will , we are created by a desire from free will. Eve had the desire to gain knowledge.
While God is the embodiment of goodness and cannot make the decision to be anything but good, other members in the Great Chain of Being do have the ability to willfully alter their predisposition... ... middle of paper ... ...l, and knowing, suffering should not exist in the world. The writings and interpretations of St. Augustine, J.L. Mackie, and David Hume have discredited the free will defense. This is much due to the notions that God could choose not to punish man for the sins of Adam and Eve and create them so that they always freely choose the good. The only true defense to theodicy is that a Christian God does not exist.
Although Adam was assigned to protect her, Eve is not off the hook. Eve’s pride caused the sin, since the devil promised her knowledge, which made her arrogant and inflated her pride. Eve receives the same consequences as Adam, in addition she must also be in pain while birthing a child. In conclusion, Eve’s punishment should be greater than Adam’s. Ludovico argues that all of Adam’s faults are her responsibility.
An optimistic view of the Earth is evident in this passage as God views his creations as good. In Genesis 2 after man has been created God says, ”It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper as his partner.” God then proc... ... middle of paper ... ...y of parents.” Here God is removing the guesswork and blatantly stating that he is a jealous God. He does not want people to worship any idols. This is a key part of monotheism, not to just abstain from worshiping other Gods but idols. This makes one think because it does not draw the line from where admiration turns into idolizing.
Evodius holds the position: “The existence of a good, all knowing (omniscient), and all-powerful (omnipotent) God is contradicted by our experience of evil in the world. It makes sense to conclude that God does not exist.” (Bwanali). As a response, Augustine asserts that the evil that we experience is just a lack of goodn... ... middle of paper ... ... good and is not the reason for evil are the ones that will live happy, faithful lives. All in all, the problem of evil has been debated for thousands of years. Some believe that evil is caused by Satan and not humanity, such as the Manichaeanists and Bogomilists, and some believe that humans are the cause of evil, rather than God, such as Augustine, Peter Kreefe, and myself.
God is good, but then why there is evil? The answer to the problem of evil is a difficult task for Christian theism, since it acknowledges existence of good omnipotent God and evil at the same time. Therein lies a problem: how is it possible that all-powerful God, that can destroy evil, allows evil, while he is also absolutely good and should destroy evil? Since God is omniscient, he was aware of what happens when he creates this world, so he knew about possible evil. God also created this world because of his own will, so he could have created the world differently, without any evil, but he did not do it.
Saint Augustine says that God created all things good. In Chapter XI, ... ... middle of paper ... ...t evil is but the absence of good. I feel that God did make everything good, and it is the absence of good that causes evil. People choose the road they feel like taking throughout life. I think of it this way; God started us off on this world all consisting of good and it is we who choose to become evil.
In the excerpt from Philosophy of Religion, John Hicks outlines the problem of evil as such: (a) If God were truly omnibenevolent, he would then wish to eliminate all evil; (b) If God is were truly omnipotent, he would then be capable of eliminating evil; (c) Evil exists in the world. Therefore: (d) God is not omnibenevolent or He is not omnipotent. Either element of the conclusion is damaging to the traditional understanding of a Judeo-Christian God. It seems simple enough. A benevolent Creator appears incompatible with what we understand to be the existence of evil.