ASSIGNMENT PAPER: 6103 : Human Behavior and Social Environment Name: Lia Rochill Class: M.A (previous) Roll. No: SOCW11194 Q. Discuss the role of heredity and environment in shaping human behavior. Substantiate your arguments with at least two research studies from pre-reviewed journals. UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR Human behavior is the potential, and expressed capacity for physical, mental and social activity during the phrases of human life.
Gestalt therapy is comprised of a complex psychological system that stresses the development of client self-awareness and personal responsibility through a process-oriented, experiential and phenomenological modality that addresses the totality of an individual in terms of senses, body, emotions and intellect.” In an active process, suppressed feelings can be explored in depth and through understanding of the how and why of an individual’s perceptive processes, the understanding can form a heuristic for organismic regulation for feelings in the immediate present. According to Blom, (2006) “Gestalt therapy can be considered an existential, phenomenological and holistic approach with the emphasis on awareness in the here and now and the interdependence between people and their environment. This improves organismic self-regulation in that people become aware of choices they can make in respect of their behavior and they can thus define the significance of their life.” Gestalt Play Therapy addresses the process of integrating polarities, so that children can achieve better functioning, and so that each aspect of polarity can exist in a well-integrated personality. (Blom, 2006) During Gestalt Play Therapy, children must achieve awareness of their individual and unique polarities, as well as acknowledging and accepting that both sides of their polarities are a part of them. It is also cr... ... middle of paper ... ...nd Practice,41, 310-320.
Although it seems as if sometimes it’s a natural thing to act a specific way, the environment we find ourselves in is what ultimately shapes and constraints us to act in a certain matter (“What is Personality,” 2009). The behaviorist perspective on personality seeks to develop explanations of behavior; behaviorist believe that personality develops as people interact with others in their environments. Thus, personality development is a complex process but there are many potential environmental influences that help to shape it (Moore, 2013). Behaviorism is a theory of personality that sees everything in terms of conditioning. The theory was founded by John B. Watson who believed that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our behavior.
What is responsible for these differences? Is it simply that they are two different people with different interests and preferences? Or did the environments that they grew up in play a part in making who they are? In the nature vs. nurture controversy, nature proclaims that our genetic make-up plays the primary role in human development, while nurture declares that our environment dictates our development. The nature vs. nurture controversy is an age old question in the scientific and psychological world with both camps having evidence to support their theories.
It also explains how individuals develop and sustain specific behavioral pattern. In contemporary complex environment contribution of social cognitive theory is significant in developing understanding of effective learning processes for behavior learners. It also explains that individuals acquire knowledge through observation and social interaction (Groome, 1999; Moital, 2006). In social cognitive perspective individuals are controlled by internal and external stimuli in developing their behaviors. Social learning is a continuous process and depends upon three components cognition, behavior and environment (Parraga, 1990).
In this research paper is explaining what developmental psychology is, how is applicable and understand how is applies in the life. For this reason, the benefits of developmental psychology obtain the knowledge in human development. In addition, human development acquires several changes and process in our bodies that will be known even through the years. Also, a developer persists that apart the life and how humans may become indifference aspects as of human evolutionary development. Then, a human development produces the different stages of having various changes depend on a character.
Sociocultural perspective examines how the social environment and cultural learning influence our behaviour, thoughts and feelings (Holt, N., et al.2013, p.34). Sociocultural perspective has different approaches as Santrock (2003) stated that sociocultural approach examines how social and cultural environments impacted on behaviour and debates a full understanding of human’s behaviour that requires knowledge about cultural context which the behaviour occurs. According to Matsumoto (2001) sociocultural approach also focusses on the behaviour of people from unique ethnic and cultural groups within a culture. Psychoanalysis is the theory of personality developed by Freud that emphasizes the roles of unconscious mental processes, early childhood experiences, and the drives of sex and aggression in personality, behaviour is largely influenced by our unconscious wishes, thoughts, and desires, especially sex and aggression (Gray, 1994). As Nolen-Hoeksema et al (2009) psychoanalysis developed by Freud, unconscious, childhood experiences are controlled by inner forces.
Theorists have also discussed the extent to which development is universal and how much of it is unique to individuals. There are consistencies that have been noted universally yet; theorists have observed variations in their competency in different tasks and way of life that may be contributed to genetics or the environment. Lastly, theorists debate about whether changes in development can be portrayed as qualitative where it involves dramatic changes or quantitative in which development is a steady progression. These debates have merits independently but require each other for a better understanding of child
Through a social cognitive approach continuous reciprocal interaction of internal and external aids in shaping either normal or abnormal behaviors (Piotrowski, 2005, p. 788). First, social learning theorists see a development of a personality as a response to expectations, behavioral tendencies, and past experience through three key factors observation, rewards, and punishments (Piotrowski, 2005, p. 618). To gain a better understanding we look at two other theories within the field, humanistic theorists with a more optimistic outlook believe we are in conflict with ourselves creating an inner drive toward personal growth (Piotrowski, 2005, p. 618). Psychoanalytic theorists describe the development of personality through three conflicting internal structures the id, ego, and superego. Moreover, they believe most characteristics have established by age 5 or 6 (Piotrowski,
What is the difference between Nature-Nurture? How does one define a broad topic such as intelligence? The Nature- Nurture issue is defined as the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influences behavior. In Nature-Nurture we tend to look at what influences our behavior, growth and developmental. Many psychologist have different views on the way one growth and development are influenced.