Walker pointed out few basic assumptions which are related to deterrence theory that may not work at the real world. First, offenders have to be aware of the threat (123). For example, they have to know that they are exposed to being caught if there are more police officers out there to arrest them. Second, offenders have to perceive that violations of law may lead to unwanted incidents, so they need to be avoided. They should realize the criminal record is bad for their future; if they want to apply for a job, there is low possibility that interviewers will accept them since they have criminal records.
Yes, general deterrence may use certain individuals as an example for society, but if the punishment for that certain individual is strict enough and is able to deter others from society from committing crime it is doing its job. “General deterrence are actions to persuade others from committing criminal acts” (Couture, 2014, p.128). I feel more people are being deterred from crime by general deterrence rather than specific deterrence. Also as sanctions take place, incarceration would be best for general deterrence. Incarceration in jail or prison should deter society from committing crimes by people in society not wanting to be incarcerated.
Police brutality now in the year 2015 is focused more on blacks first hispanics second and other races third. This crime has to stop with police. Although, the police are intimidated by young black males there is no reason for anyone to be brutally beaten then the police the freedom to get away with this. Even though, police brutality is a big problem it is only proved the police wrong when it is clear they are trained to serve and protect with a lot of different protocols in the process of the whole situation. The police would only react to a perp violently and with force if they felt threatened and when this happens local news and internet makes it look as if police are the bad guys which in some situations they are, but others they aren 't they are just doing their job as officers to serve and protect.
The second kind of deterrence is specific deterrence which targets offenders and scares them into not wanting to return to prison. This part of the theory strives to discourage recidivism and touches more on the justice part. In order to scare of an offender he must be given a
For example: When apprehending a Felonious offender, an officer may look at the situation a lot differently than they would with a less severe one. Officer’s know that when approaching someone for a felony, this usually means a t... ... middle of paper ... ...tives from anyone are strictly opinionated, and hail from personal feelings. Weather they are just or unjust, they still depend on the person and their frame of mind, and feelings toward a certain situation. Culture plays a part in society’s outlook on crime by swaying the views of anyone involved. It is because of this, law enforcement is held to a higher standard, and has strict regulations set in place to ensure personal feelings are cast aside, and the investigation is conducted in a professional manner.
Deterrence theories rely on criminal prosecutions to prevent corporate crime after the crime has already been committed (ex-post), where as compliance theories focus regulatory agencies that encourage compliance with the law before the crime takes place (ex-ante). 3.1 Deterrence Theory Deterrence theory argues that individuals act in accordance with their self-interest and obey the law because they fear the penalties of criminal behavior. More often than not, they choose not to commit crimes because they have seen harsh punishments imposed on others. Current research on deterrence emphasizes the role of the criminal justice system enforcing and punishing offenders. The fear of detection, conviction, and punishment resulting from prosecution forms the core of deterrence theory.
Many people often confuse deterrence with retribution or punishment, but that it is not. Instead of serving your “debt to society” for a crime you committed, under the principal of deterrence you are serving your punishment to keep you and your neighbors from doing the same crime. Operating according to the deterrence model necessitates two principal assumptions: that imposing a stiff penalty will dissuade someone from committing crimes in the future and secondly, that the fear of this punishment will prevent future crimes perpetrated by others. (Wright, 2010) One very important idea here is that it is a “stiff” penalty, a penalty that others won’t forget. There are many faults in this argument, with the largest being the amount of faith put into mankind.
. . It is a factual question in each case whether the accused’s confession is unreliable.” (Roach, 1999, p. 678) Crime control is favored in society because law enforcement emphasizes the importance of repressing crime and keeping the rest of society safe from criminals as oppose to protecting the rights of the
It is important that the public feels safe, and that isn’t always the case when criminals are let out much sooner than what they should be, the public has the fear of being a victim of a re-offender or first time offender. Yet, you still need to look at the other side, where it is thought that we should not be getting any tougher on crime. There are also alternatives, such as getting smart of crime, or creating a tent city such as Sherriff Joe Arpaio has done. “Punitive sentencing appears to meaningfully reduce crime and re-imprisonment rates for sever offences” (Shaw, 2011). If we increase sentences it will prevent crime because people do not want to spend so much of their life behind bars.
Although both private action and executive control are advantageous in terms of costs and speed, they present big dangers that discourage their use unless in exceptional situations. The second purpose of criminal law is to punish the offender. Punishing the offender is the most important purpose of criminal law since by doing so; it discourages him from committing crime again while making him or her pay for their crimes. Retribution does not mean inflicting physical punishment by incarceration only, but it also may include things like rehabilitation and financial retribution among other things. The last purpose of criminal law is to protect the community from criminals.