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Theories Of Crime Deterrence

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Crime Deterrence: Methods and Potential Problems
Crime deterrence is the decline of crime, because people fear getting arrested and convicted. According to Probation and Parole: Theory and Practice by Howard Abadinsky “the classical school argues that because humans tend toward hedonism- that is, they seek pleasure and avoid pain- they must be restrained, by fear of punishment, from pleasurable acts that are unlawful.” People make a rational decision not to commit a crime because of the fear of arrest and conviction are taken into consideration.
Two Types of Deterrence
There are two types of crime deterrence, individual (specific) deterrence and general deterrence. “Specific deterrence is the belief that punishment will reduce the likelihood
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There are three main methods, which are able to break off into smaller categories, that are used to deter members of society from committing crimes. Those main methods are the police, the court systems, and prisons. However, every positive must have a negative. Each of these methods has their own potential problems. Deterrence does not always work. For example, the deterrence theory is when people make a rational decision not to commit a crime because of their fear of arrest and conviction are taken into consideration. Though, this is not always true in many cases, such as when the offender was under the influence of drugs when he/she committed the crime. Their mind is influenced by the drug, and they are not thinking clearly enough to make a rational decision, such as the consequences of their…show more content…
Just the thought that they might be caught is a powerful deterrent for would-be criminals. There are several ways that police deter crime: visibility, warnings, tickets, fines, and arrests are a few of them. Police visibility is a great way to deter crime. A criminal would be less likely to commit a crime if they had seen a police officer in that area recently. Robert Apel’s paper, published in the Journal of Quantitative Criminology, stated that the visibility of the officers, sometimes called cops on the corner, projects a credible threat of detection and apprehension. (Apel, 2013). Another way that police deter crime is by increasing their arrest and tickets. “Police deter crime when they do things that strengthen a criminal’s perception of the certainty of being caught.” (Five Things, 2016). When police have “crackdowns” on certain crimes, the general population begins to avoid committing those crimes, because the increased possibility of being caught. For example, when the click it or ticket law was enacted and the police were very strict about everyone wearing their seatbelts. Lots of people were pulled over and given tickets. More and more people began wearing their seatbelts, especially if that was an area that a cop was known to wait
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