Theories And Theories Of Piaget 's Theory

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Piaget has always been a significant figure in the area of cognitive development and he has influenced and prompted research in the area. Neo-Piagetian theories elaborate on Piaget’s basic theories and often combine it with information-processing theory (Boyd & Bee, 2014). He had strong ideas about the development of schemes in young children and the processes of those in relation to cognitive development. He also theorized four causes of cognitive development, two of these internal and the remaining two external. Egocentrism, false belief principle and theory of mind all have an extremely strong influence on early childhood thinking and development. Although Piaget’s theories have been around for over 70 years many of them are still extremely relevant. Piaget developed the idea of schemes, these are models we have in out brains that tell us how to approach things in the real world, such as picking things up and throwing and understanding the differences between different objects (Boyd & Bee, 2014). He believed the development of a child’s schemes was a vital component in the development of a child’s cognitive skills (Boyd & Bee, 2014). There are three processes involved in what Piaget called adaptation; assimilation, accommodation and equilibration (Boyd & Bee, 2014). Adaptation is the collective process the brain goes through when categorizing experiences they have into schemes (Boyd & Bee, 2014). Assimilation is when the brain tries to understand an experience the child has had and apply it to a scheme but when it does not fit into a pre-existing scheme accommodation is triggered, causing a new scheme to be made and altering the old one with the new information (Cook & Cook, 2005). This may not immediately occur; accommodation... ... middle of paper ... ...arly childhood years. Piaget is crucial to developmental psychology and cognitive development in particular, his theories have always been relevant and if they did become a little outdated new theories are often based off his basic ideas. His theories of accommodation, assimilation and equilibration with adaptation and schemes were revolutionary and, like many of his theories, are still used today. He reasons that differing cognitive development paces can be brought down to experience, maturation, social transmission and equilibration and gives solid evidence. Egocentrism, false belief principle and theory of mind all collate and build on each other, without one the others would not work and they are all strong theories. Piaget is an extremely influential theorist and without him the world of cognitive development would make nowhere near as much sense as it does now.
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