Henry Fielding proposed in his Miscellanies, that conversation should resemble "that reciprocal Interchange of ideas, by which Truth is examined, and all our Knowledge communicated to each other [and which] contributes to the moral improvement of society but presupposes, under ideal circumstances, a reciprocity between participants." Austen confirms this view of discourse in her novel by creating a hierarchy of language and making clear and meaningful conversation possible only between "persons whose Understanding is pretty near on an Equality with our own" (Fielding 120). Characters of fortune and education who speak in accordance with the rules of pragmatics and social decorum are, in turn, rewarded through matrimonial bonds with characters of similar communicative merit. Based upon an equality of understanding, these relationships are marked by "truth and sincerity in all dealings with each other" (430). Contrarily, characters of low birth and ill breeding are stigmatized by an inferiority of language and a predisposition for misinterpretation, which renders them incapable of communication in its true sense.
One of those situational theories is the experience machine hypothesis. The experience machine hypothesis is a modern recreation of Descartes evil demon problem, which was used to identify the disadvantages of Hedonistic Utilitarianism. The experience machine hypothesis recognizes the value of authentic experiences, independence, and the appreciation for happiness, which is not accomplished through Hedonistic Utilitarianism s (Sober 414). There are a few of adaptations of Utilitarianism. Hedonistic Utilitarianism recognizes the intrinsic value of pain and pleasure; the fundamental goal of this moral theory would be to maximize pleasure while minimizing pain by any means.
The other type of people that disappoint Holden, are those who are with out respect for anything. The type that only care about what is important to themselves. Ones who would write an obscenity where children play, for self-amusement. Holden doesn’t like these types all, but he keeps his thoughts to himself and remains at peace. Though Holdens negativity and disappointment level is great, he is unknowingly in search of happiness.
The moral law is an unconditional principle that defines the standards of right action. Good will is a form of moral law because it’s a genuine attitude behind an action. Anything that is naturally good is morally good which sums up to be good will. Actions of good will do the right thing for the reason of simply being the right thing to do. There is no qualification, benefactor or incentive its good will and no personal gain, inclination, or happine... ... middle of paper ... ...g pain and is essentially performing self-harm instead of improving his life he is doing the opposite.
In the shade of its flourishing growth he stood with braced and self-confident legs, and since nothing could now be discovered he did not shrink from an encounter with the eyes of judges, and allowed no thoughts of his own to keep him from an attitude of manfulness. He had performed his mistakes in the dark, so he was still a man” (Crane 78). Henry feels that because the other men are giving him praise, then he is right in his behavior. But is this courage? Absolutely not.
It shows just what evil can do. Job showed how far man is willing to go to remain pure and good, despite the temptation of evil and pain. Job is a character that storytellers want you to be perplexed by. He is the character that, despite his hurdles, not once cursed God.
Type A's prefer things to be done their way, with little regard for people who see things differently than them and will take control of situations whenever possible, even when there is an appointed leader (Stone). The best way to deal with Type A behavior is to give these individuals the recognition they are looking for without empowering them (Stone). Type A's unknowingly fear receiving the type of treatment they use on others, therefore acknowledging their efforts will usually appease them (Stone). Type B The opposite of Type A behavior is known as Type B behavior. This person is relaxed, patient, steady and even-tempered (Ivancevich p. 258).
“That which does not make his life worse, nor does it harm him either from without or with in.”(3) In this quote, Aurileus tells the Stoics that the things that don’t harm him won’t make his life worse inside or outside including the soul. This meaning that a person should do what they feel is right, because it will not hurt them physically or mentally.
McCandless was an extremely compassionate man, and would always loyally abide by his ideals and principles. What he sought was life in its simplest form; he no longer wanted anything to do with modern society and all of the troubles that it brought. Then lies the extremities to which he took making this all become reality. How many people could honestly claim to have sufficiently reached out to their dreams, could honestly claim that they had at least tried let alone pushed hard enough to succeed? McCandless was not the 'sit down and take it in stride' kind of person.