Probably the most memorable description in the novel was that many worker”s “peculiar trou... ... middle of paper ... ... very good ending. The last few chapters are where Sinclair was just trying to quickly pack in his underlying message. In my mind, I thought “What next? Are we to hope that Chicago became socialist and workers were treated justly?” If Sinclair wanted to successfully promote Socialism, it would have been better to describe Jurgis’s life after becoming a socialist and the resulting benefits. In conclusion, The Jungle offered a detailed insight to the working conditions and highly unsanitary processing methods in the meat packing industry.
The Jungle The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, emphasizes the importance in changing to become a thriving society through socialism. Sinclair writes his novel to show the corruption that occurs as a result of capitalism. Jurgis’ family is in search for a better life in America where he believes he will make enough pay to support his family. The novel shows that poverty is in control over the working class, but the working class still has a desperation for money. In The Jungle, Upton Sinclair pushes for Socialism by showing Jurgis’ struggle to find work, the hardships of the packingtown workers, and the inequality of all men in this capitalistic society.
Sinclair’s disdain against capitalist society is present from cover to cover, shown through the enthusiasm of Jurgis to work, the struggle for workers of Packingtown, and the corruption that was put on “the man” at all levels of society. Both Capitalism and Socialism are highly relevant to The Jungle. Laissaz-faire Capitalism is the prime economic system in America. All around, it means that consumers and producers have the right to make their money and spend it through whatever legal means that they choose. Capitalism is the system that is most fitting to what people know as the “American Dream”.
Socialism is introduced as benefiting everyone whereas capitalism destroys the many to the benefit of the few. The goal of The Jungle is to persuade the reader to adopt the ideologies of socialism, which is evident in the book’s plot and characterization. The main character of The Jungle, Jurgis, is a Lithuanian immigrant who is a firm believer in the American Dream and took his family to America for a better life. Jurgis trusts in the idea that hard work will bring him rewards. He starts out young, strong, optimistic, and energetic but his idealism of the American Dream is slowly brought to oblivion by the oppressive conditions in Packingtown, which causes Jurgis to spiral into habits of drinking heavily and abandon... ... middle of paper ... ...lass group instead of believing he can rise above them.
(p. 152) The thought of working in the waste of Packingtown disgusts Jurgis so much that he wishes he doesn’t get hired. Jurgis is a typical immigrant worker, and he realizes that this job is his “only hope.” T... ... middle of paper ... ...r’s intended result was to show that the forces of industry capitalists would drive the working class to Socialism. Jack London, famous Socialist, commented, “What ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ did for the black slaves ‘The Jungle’ has a large chance to do for the white slaves of today.” By demonizing American industry he hoped to change the world. There are only a dozen or so pages concerned with the horrid details of meat production, but it was these informal references to the food they were buying and eating that angered the people and created public demand for reform. Upton Sinclair was primarily concerned with labor conditions for workers in the meat packing industry.
George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm is a satirical fable that illustrates his criticisms towards the society. He uses the novel in the form of a fable to communicate his attitude towards the political system of soviet Russia. “All animals are equal but some are more equal than others.” In this novel, the autocracy, exploited working class, and evolution of the pigs of Animal Farm demonstrate a caricature of the social evolution in Soviet Russia. Orwell uses a circular plot to emphasize the cycle of revolution and the inevitability of dictatorship. He aims to convey that despite the need for improvement, the structure of a society will remain the same if the change is not fundamental.
Communism is based off of the ideas of Marxism, which is the thought that every person should give up his/her individual rights in order for the good of society. In the book Animal Farm, Marxism found its way into the world, helped take control over the farm, and was demonstrated well with the exception of a few differences. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels created Marxism. Marx wrote the communist manifesto which in summary tells that Communism wants to override capitalism and allow everyone to be equal. Marx's economic analysis of capitalism is based on his version of the labor theory of value, and includes the analysis of capitalist profit as the extraction of surplus value from the exploited proletariat.
Finally, Jurgis Rudkus turns his life around when he becomes an active socialist advocate. The Jungle preaches the idea that a socialist economy is the cure for the corrupted capitalist one that puts power over the well being of its workers. Sinclair’s focus in writing the novel is to depict the struggles of immigrants in a new industry rather than that of immigrants in an urban setting or of American culture. In The Jungle, Jurgis Rudkus flees to rural America but finds out that there is no escape to the economic turmoil when he realizes that the farmers let the workers go after harvest time. This demonstrates the reader that the economic troubles reached out farther than just the major cities of America.
Upton Sinclair’s work was intended to open American’s eyes to the meatpacking industry by exposing the exploitation of workers and immigrants, the unsanitary factory conditions in which American people derived their meat from, and the corruption of power that was so flagrantly hidden. With the 2013 History Day Project theme being rights and responsibilities, Upton Sinclair fits in perfectly; all of this being’s work could be tied into the theme. Through his life Sinclair focused on politics, and his literature work often displayed his political views, such as The Jungle with its anti-capitalism undertone, focusing more so on socialism. Sinclair found it his responsibility, coming from his background, to give those who were voiceless a voice; with his education and influences, he was able to “…find a voice, and also a means of support” (Sinclair 1906, 594). He knew that it was his responsibility to share his experiences with the worlds to bring change, and he knew that he owed it to the workers, the backbones, of America to help them seize their rights.
Sinclair's contempt for capitalist society is present throughout the novel, from cover to cover, personified in the eagerness of Jurgis to work, the constant struggle for survival of the workers of Packingtown, the corruption of "the man" at all levels of society, and in many other ways. To understand the ways in which political systems are important to this novel, it is necessary to define both capitalism and socialism as they are relevant to The Jungle. Capitalism, and more specifically, laissez-faire capitalism, is the economic system in America. It basically means that producers and consumers have the right to accumulate and spend their money through any legal means they choose. It is the economic system most fitting with the idea of the American Dream.