90) and “(For I fear Cassio with my night-cape too)” (2.1.301). According to Jonathan Lear, Iago exemplifies “a hatred that cannot be rationalized, an evil not based on reason” (Schapiro 483). Knowing he cannot support his claims, Iago still insists on revenge against the Moor, using Cassio to wreak said revenge; however, it is not because of a supposed infidelity with his wife that seeks revenge. His sole purpose is to get vengeance on not receiving a position he believes he earned, he would care nothing about Emilia having an affair. Iago’s envy of Cassio comes from his intolerance of Cassio and Othello’s relationship.
The effect of racism on Othello is quite evident and is one of the main causes for his insecurity about his marriage. However, Othello is not wholly the tragedy of racism. The theme of jealousy is also extremely important in Othello. Racism may play a large part in the tragedy, Othello, but it certainly does not adequately explain the entire play. Othello is a nobleman, a decorated soldier, very well respected by his men (with the exception of Iago).
In the military Othello meets Cassio and Iago, he chooses Cassio as his lieutenant which upsets Iago. The promotion of Cassio begins to show jealousy in the play. Even though Othello is not a ruler in Venice, his tragic flaws are jealousy and gullibility, therefore Othello is easily manipulated by Iago because Othello feels the need to be accepted. Iago plans to revenge Othello for not choosing him to become lieutenant, and knowing that Othello is easily deceived makes it easier for Iago to manipulate him. Iago’s revenge did not only start because he was not chosen to be lieutenant, but also because Iago had suspicions that Othello was with Emilia, his wife.
His revenge comes from wanting to damage the people he is jealous of. There is genuine substance for his feelings, but they grow wildly out of his paranoia, for example, he seems to elaborate on these initial ideas until he thinks and convinces himself that everybody has slept with his wife, and for this he wants further revenge. In his quest for revenge he uses Roderigo for money and the strangest factor of all; he seems to enjoy what he is doing! Iago becomes exceptionally jealous of Othello due to his position in the Venetian Army. Iago feels that Othello cannot be placed above him because of Othello's skin colour and ethnic origin.
In William Shakespeare’s Othello, Iago depicted a tragic villain, who, as Samuel Taylor Coleridge stated, displayed a “motiveless malignancy.” As indicated throughout the play, Iago’s actions were fueled by anger and jealousy, but there was never a “good reason” for sabotaging Othello’s happiness because Iago received no benefit for his manipulative deeds. If there was a kingdom to gain or treasures to take, Iago’s actions would have been more understandable, if not reasonable to the readers. Ironically, Iago’s unjustifiable motives were the elements that gave him access to his manipulative journey. From the beginning of the play, it was quite important to note that Iago did not plan to murder Othello, he wanted to serve as the adroit manipulator
He causes much destruction and is driven by a force that the reader cannot even understand. Iago makes himself an outsider by not realizing that his ego causes him to hate and disrespect all of humanity. Iago respects no one and yet is cunning enough to make people continue to trust and respect him. This is a truly super human quality in Iago that allows him to manipulate people to do what he wants without them knowing. He is married to Emilia, and although the reader would see marriage as a sacred bond, Iago manipulates it for his selfish ways.
Iago, who is Othello’s false ensign, even says that he cannot outwardly appear to hate Othello because it would do nothing to get rid of him: each person in Venice needs his skills as a general. Yet, reading what Iago says helps to see what might be the common voice for the other fair-skinned characters in this play on how race and rank interact: “To be produced … Against the Moor for I do know, the state, However this may gall him with some check, Cannot with safety cast him; for he’s embark’d With such loud reason to the Cyprus wars, which even now stand in act, that for their souls, Another of his fathom th... ... middle of paper ... ...whose solid virtue The shot of accident nor dart of chance Could neither gaze nor pierce?” (67) Lodovico questions Othello’s sufficiency, nature, and virtue. The senate obviously saw all of those things in Othello since they told them to Lodovico but Othello is much changed at this point in the story: he does not feel like the general so does not act like one and in turn loses all of his human qualities. The last step in the characters recognizing Othello for whom they expect him to be comes when Lodovico says “O thou Othello…wert once so good, [but] Fall’n in the practice of a damned slave” (89). The transition is smooth in Lodovico’s mind: he once was the noble general whose skills surpassed his limitations and now he practices the skills of what he truly is, a damned slave.
Another one of his motives is that he hates goodness and wants to destroy anything that makes people happy such as Othello’s marriage. Iago can also not keep his sense of inferiority and superiority in balance. I do however agree with the part of the quote “the motive hunting” because it is true that Iago does not know why he hates Othello so much therefore he needs to invent many reasons for hating him. I also agree with Iago being a “malignity” because he causes harm to others intentionally. In this play, Shakespeare explores the question “why are people evil?” but he does not know the answer.
(I.i.1165) In other words, Iago believes he deserves the position of lieutenant, but Othello has different plans. The above passage also clearly shows Iago’s hate for Othello because he is a man of power, something Iago longs for. Iago is also jealous of the fact that Othello has made Cassio lieutenant, a man “That nev... ... middle of paper ... ...longed for, but Iago soon realizes it does not end like he had hoped for. In Othello, jealousy takes many forms, from warfare competition to sexual and emotional distrust, but each case ended in destruction. Iago used jealousy as a weapon against each character for his own narcissistic means; however, his efforts were futile.
Othello’s reactions to Iago’s torments cannot be blamed for the tragic ending; a reaction cannot be soley to blame for a problem that has a cause, which in this case, is Iago. Giovanni, on the other hand, I find hard to sympathise with, because of his sometimes underhand use of logic to defy the conventions of his society and to justify his incestuous actions. Also, any sense of sympathy I may have felt for Giovanni before he killed Annabella was lost completely when he felt no remorse for his actions, making him what I felt to be a very unpleasant character, warranting very little sympathy for his situation. Works Cited The Noble Moor – Othello and Race in Elizabethan London, Roger Lees Noble Othello?’ AS-A Level English Literature ©Philip Allan Updates York Notes AS & A2 Othello