Outliers: The Story of Success
“Outliers: The Story of Success” is one of the non-fiction books written by Malcolm Gladwell. In the book, the author examines the factors that contribute to the high levels of success. The author adds that success is combined with a number of key factors such as hard work, opportunity and other factors like when and where the person was born. The books gives an insight into various un-answered questions such as why the majority of Canadian ice hockey players are born in the first few months of the calendar year or how The Beatles became one of the most successful musical band in the world. According to Gladwell, success is not only about innate talent but depends on various external factors and situations.
Malcolm Gladwell describes a sure fire way to become an expert in any subject in chapter two of Outliers. He explains that in order to be successful you must work for ten thousand hours. Gladwell is a non-fiction writer who collects research data and interprets it as guidelines to being successful. In the book Outliers he examines dozens of successful people and analyzes their rise to fame and success. His purpose is to identify misconceptions about how to be successful and to praise outliers for beating the odds. His work teaches us how outliers rise against the odds and how to identify their extraordinary luck, opportunity and hard work. His writing enlightens the average reader on how a successful person rose to the occasion and the different factors in their lives that helped them do so. The intended audience is anyone interested in discovering just how much work it has taken in the past to be the best of the best and how to apply oneself. In chapter two of Outliers Gladwell leads us through the lives of computer programmer Bill Joy, world-class violinists, musical genius Amadeus Mozart, chess grandmasters of the twenty first century, internationally popular UK pop band “The Beatles,” and computer genius and former richest man in the world, Bill Gates. Gladwell’s attempt to persuade readers of the ten thousand hour rule is successful because of his use of exemplum, logos and rhetorical question.
In his book “Outliers”, Malcolm Gladwell emphasizes a lot about luck by illustrating the importance of birthdays for Hockey players, by comparing the success of geniuses with super high intelligence, and by showing how successful people got opportunities and support because of their luck. At a glance, every reader can find out luck plays a crucial role in success, but does Gladwell wants us to believe luck is all that matters? Although he emphasizes a lot about luck in his book, I don’t think he believes that successful people are just lucky because every successful people he introduces in his book are not just lucky in their lives, but are great hard workers and risk takers.
The definition of success varies around the world, but according to Malcolm Gladwell its achievement can be broken down into a few components. Although Gladwell never truly establishes credibility in his book Outliers, he still backs up his proposed theories with reputable studies and sources which intrigue the audience to keep reading.The purpose of Outliers was to enlighten people about the different elements of success while also informing them of real life situations where seemingly less than likely people beat the odds and became the powerful figures that they are today. The intended audience is anyone who is looking to become successful or who is perhaps interested in the idea of success itself and wishes to learn more about it. Understandably, a secondary audience could be high school students who are about to venture out into the world on their own because with this book they will hopefully start paying attention to different factors of their lives and seizing opportunities that they may have otherwise passed up. Malcolm Gladwell talks about the 10,000 Hour Rule and also how I.Q. does not amount to much without creativity. He also speaks of how chance opportunity comes into play and that the distant background of a person still reflects how they handle situations in their present day life. Gladwell’s Outliers successfully informs the reader about the different components that add up to success with probable theories and credible studies to make for an interesting and motivational read.
Success is often thought to be the product of creativity, leadership and attitude. While many successful people possess these qualities they are not the building blocks of success. To become outstanding in a crowd of average people a person must be talent and willing to work hard in his field of choice, most importantly though, he or she must be lucky. Every successful person from the dawn of humanity until this very moment is the product of favorable odds.
Mozart had several hours of training and practicing the art of composing before he created his first masterpiece, consequently making him more successful than others. Furthermore, Gladwell support also his argument of timing which plays a key role in individual success by using statistical analysis, Bill Gates and Steve Jobs were born not apart from each other and from another set of entrepreneurs, that had great influence in the computer age. Making both an example that being at the right place, time and right age, a key factor in their success. Additionally, Gladwell makes a point that 14 of the 75 richest people in history were born nine years apart. Such as the Rockefellers and the they came of age on one of the greatest economic revolution in American history, such as the build of Wall Street Financial firms and the railroad industry. He argues that achieving success requires a massive amount of practice. Even if they are born with talent, success will be impossible if there was no spare time or a support system that is required to accomplish over 10,000 hours of practice. Gladwell argues that individuals with innate talent will never be successful without practice. There have been studies that found that no experts have rose to the top without many hours of practice. Also, this research has concluded that 10,000 hours is the special number,
Have you ever wondered why some people act certain ways? Are some people born smart, mean, or ambitious or do they achieve their traits? Malcolm Gladwell explores this question in his book Outliers: The Story of Success. Through analysis of data, he reveals many of our actions are a result of the environment. Moreover, Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness and The Secret Sharer exemplify this theme. Brutal environments test his characters, revealing their evil side. The settings in the Heart of Darkness and The Secret Sharer personify man's inner evil, supporting Gladwell's thesis.
In the book Outliers, written and published by Malcolm Gladwell in association with Little, Brown and Company in 2008. There is a section in the book called the "10,000-Hour Rule'' that explains it takes roughly ten thousand hours of practice to achieve mastery in a field. Does this sort of idea work to acheive greatness in any profession? How does the writer go about figuring out this rule?
In the book Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell, Gladwell gives his viewers many points on his understandings of where success comes from. In his introduction, he believes that the health of the community is a version of success, and he believes that that comes from the connections that the villagers had to their family, friends and neighbors. He also expressed his belief in chapter one that success comes from the small advantages one is born with, but can also be achieved from dedication and hard work. Gladwell used the Canadian Hockey League as a prime example of being born with advantages. He made the argument that the success that these hockey players had generally came from the month in which they were born. The Hockey League cutoff date is January
Outliers Chapters 1-2 Response
We all have goals we want to achieve. The battle to reach those goals, is never easy. In Malcolm Gladwell’s text Outliers, it reads, “Achievement is talent plus preparation” (Gladwell 38). To achieve anything, you must have courage.