Class levels in the US of the 1920s are very prominent – the rich class is drastically separated from the poor class, and the rich class wishes to keep it that way. This is an essential problem of capitalist theory and Fitzgerald criticizes capitalism throughout his book. According to Carl Marx, the economic base is the primary determining factor in all social relations and formations and he named it as a superstructure or ideology. An ideology articulates what and how people think about society and themselves. It is a part of the superstructure generated by an economic base that works to signify the way people live out their lives in class society, giving people the terms, ideas and images that tie them to their social functions (Klages, Literary Theory pg.128, 129).In the book Tom and Daisy born-in upper class, George and Myrtle Wilsons a working class family and Jay Gatsby with his dream to step up in the upper class.
Katie Burke February 13, 2014 Essay Marxism and Social Darwinism are two different distinct theories of dealing with the problems of the Industrialist society. Social Darwinism supports the ideas of capitalism and the application of Darwin’s “ Theory of Evolution” to human beings in an industrialized society. Marxism supports a form of socialism and believes that the emergence of capitalism is the cause of class struggles. The two images bring out different theories about the cause and solution of poverty. A Marxist would see the images as an example of the conflict of class struggles between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariats.
Also Engels and Marx argued about the exploitation of working class and the interests of the capitalists that affect proletarian. The alienation of man is another reason for Marx to be against capitalism that make human beings denied their true nature. Since old times there was the division of classes, where Marx and Engels opposed to it, because in capitalist societies lead to unequal division of income and welfare. In modern capitalist societies, the critiques of Marx still seems to be relevant, as there is the division of classes and the unequal share and welfare exist until now most seen in countries such as Britain or United States. Marx view in the capitalist society is that capitalism is an economic system where production is done on by employees working with several means of production which belong to their employer.
In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in Civilization and Its Discontents, explores human nature through his psychological view of the human mind. Marx states that history "...is the history of class struggles" (9). Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the source of class differences.
Moreover, I contend that the theories of Weber and Simmel illustrate how distinctions and divisions can arise within Marx’s broadly defined social classes. Ultimately, these divides within the proletariat impede the development of class consciousness and prevent the overthrow of capitalism. Marx’s belief in the inevitability of the proletariat revolution stems from his understanding of society and conception of the social structure. He posits th... ... middle of paper ... ...ormative. Weber describes the routinization of capitalism by stating, “The Puritan wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so” (1905: 123).
In the end revolution was the inevitable result by the endless exploitation of the workers by the capitalists. Karl Marks was talking about his time in age, but we are starting to see some of these ideas come to light in our own era. An example is “Occupy Wall Street” which is a protest against social and economic inequality. This protest highlights the high unemployment, greed, corruption, and the undue influence of corporations that mainly deal with financial services, and their ties with the government. The wor... ... middle of paper ... ...s time, and his works were used in the building of Communist countries, his visions of needing a balance of Socialism and Capitalism with the removal of religion from government were brilliant.
Without much invest... ... middle of paper ... ...m meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices.”. Capitalism has proven itself to be a corrupt, unjust and exploitive system which favors the rich and powerful over others and creates social and economic divides. It erodes our basic democratic principles that many of the founders of our nations strived for. Through class divisions, capitalism keeps the poor and rich separate and ensures that the social mobility of hard working individuals is prevented. It causes rifts in relationships between men and women and through control of our mass media and institutions; it perpetrates false dreams in order to keep the masses oppressed.
Class can be described as having three categories; Ruling class, middle class, and working class. Marx has asserted that classes have formed as a result of capitalism. Capitalism, and the competition it entailed, forced the members of society into two groups: workers (the proletariat) and capitalists (the bourgeoisie) (Marx, 1978). It can be stated that, the class in which an individual is placed in is a direct result of their socio-economic status. There are multiple elements included in Marx’s theory of class to depict the way in which class is viewed by individuals in society.
On the other hand, when the rights and... ... middle of paper ... ... other hand, Marx saw bourgeois democracy as a progressive force against the old feudal system. Marx supported democracy in capitalism. He worked for a society in which preliterate would take power and exercise the control over the means of production. c) A: In Marx’s view, class struggle takes a critical form with the development of capitalism. According to Marx two basic classes bourgeoisie, the owners of the means of production and Proletariat, the workers around which other less important classes are grouped, oppose each other in capitalist system.
Karl Marx and Robert B. Reich’s works cover an issue of financial inequality between poor and rich population in a global context. Both authors differently described current conditions of wealth people in particular and made different predictions concerning their future. From the Marx’s perspective, wealthiest in a society is bourgeoisie, proprietor of the means of production who exploit the labor of proletariat. (Marx, p.36, 59) According to Reich, wealthiest in the society are symbolic analysts in comparison with routine producers and in-person servers. (Reich, p.1) In “The Communist Manifesto” Marx claimed that conditions of existence and prosperity of bourgeoisie ultimately will be directed toward destruction of bourgeoisie as a class.