She asserts that women must take authority over their own history and representation to avoid false “myths.” Rich criticizes patriarchal media and historical integrity, believes women must retell their history by their own means. In A Wild Patience, she begins to "demystify false images of the past and false representations of women's lives.” ( cite
Self effacement, unconditional love and devoted service are demanded from women for the perpetuation of patriarchal norms. This results in an idealization of motherhood which confines women to their role as nurturers. Feminists from the West, recognise this vicious trap – that patriarchy elevates motherhood and misleads women is order to exploit and circumscribe them. Feminists maintain that motherhood as constructed by patriarchy is highly oppressive. It is far from being a liberatory and enriching experience for all women.
In essence, Bronte's novel became a direct assault on Victorian morality. Controversy based in its realistic exposure of thoughts once considered improper for a lady of the 19th century. Emotions any respectable girl would repress. Women at this time were not to feel passion, nor were they considered sexual beings. To conceive the thought of women expressing rage and blatantly retaliating against authority was a defiance against the traditional role of women.
One of the central ideas to the anti-suffrage argument was that women should remain within the prescribed domestic sphere (Bjornlund 80). However, to campaign against suffrage would require their entry into the public sphere, thereby, contradicting their very argument (Marshall 352). As a result, anti-suffragists were forced to fight this battle through different means. They had to communicate their message through writings and visual representations rather than the verbal word. While plays have commonly been held as a form of entertainment, with the rise of the anti-suffrage movement, they also served a practical use.
Madonna once said, “I 'm tough, I 'm ambitious, and I know exactly what I want. If that makes me a bitch, okay” (Madonna). Madonna is saying that she can do what she wants and that should be okay, no matter what society says. Society should not be the one to determine how women act. This accurately embodies Geoffrey Chaucer’s message on how women should act in regards to what society tells them to do.
Rebellious women in The Awakening and in Ruth Hall Kate Chopin’s The awakening and Fanny Fern’s Ruth Hall A Domestic Tale of The Present Time are both written about women’s suffering in a male dominated society. Both authors engrave women who perform the uncommon role in the society. The protagonist of The Awakening, Edna, is a woman who is trying to discover her identity. She shakes the whole system of women’s roles in the nineteen century, and distresses those who expect women to play certain roles. She surprises the patriarchal society by ignoring her role to play as a wife and mother.
She presents a modern form of woman hunting that aims at subjugating woman’s power that is her fertility. Atwood a sensitive and consciously self-aware writer explores and expresses the subjugating of women in a patriarchal society . She believes that the silencing of women victimization is not only through patriarchal attitudes but also through woman’s consciousness. People who are after power cannot tolerate imagination, power to communicate and hope. In order to combat it, one should recognize the source of oppression, express anger and find ways for
Phylogeny versus misogyny, arguable one of the greatest binary oppositions in a work of literature, is present in Henrik Ibsen’s 1879 Norwegian play A Doll’s House. The title itself suggests a misogynist view, while the work mainly consists of feminist ideology, as Ibsen was a supporter of the female as an independent, rather than a dependent on a male. Nora knew herself that her husband did not fully respect her, and this became a major conflict in the play as Nora progressively became more self-reliant in the play. Ibsen created Nora to give an example for all women, showing that they are more than what their husbands make of them. The misogynistic views in the play can be seen through Nora’s husband Torvald, due to the fact that he believed, as the majority of males did at the time, that women were not equal to them socially.
Collectivism is an outlook that places emphasis on a necessary interdependence among humans. Subsequently, many view feminism as necessarily being a collectivist movement. Individualist feminists, like the name seems to imply, maintain a focus on the individual and aim to hold individual strides at highest regards. Ayn Rand’s novel Atlas Shrugged challenges the notion that people need rely on each other to be society’s productive members. As John Galt’s mantra goes, people should swear by their lives even that they will not live their lives for the sake of another person or allow another person to do so for his or herself.
In Ibsen’s introspective drama “A Doll’s House”, the author advocates for women’s rights as he expands on the hardships encountered by women in order to fit into social conformity. The general view of their struggles is observed throughout the play’s protagonist Nora, whose actions unfold the aspect of patriarchy as a burden for women evolution in the society. Consequently, Nora’s characterization and the use of persuasive language at the end of the play allow the reader to paint her evolution from a subordinate wife to an independent woman and articulates in which ways we can qualify Ibsen’s modern work as a feminist drama. Nora’s adjustment to the concept of feminism is unveiled within the plot’s tumultuous development. Ibsen makes her a round character to understand the moral transition she will gradually making from subservience to individual freedom.