Theme Of Depression In Macbeth

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What is depression? According to MacGill (2015), depression is a mental health or mood disorder that triggers a constant feeling of unhappiness and loss of interest. In William Shakespeare’s play Macbeth, the main protagonist named Macbeth is subjected to depression after committing the crime of killing King Duncan with the aid and persuasion of his ambitious wife, Lady Macbeth. As the story progresses, Lady Macbeth also discloses her despair regarding the wicked and evil deeds that she gets involved in. Near the end, upon learning that his wife and young son are brutally slaughtered, the Scottish nobleman Macduff shows his melancholy as well. Similarly, in William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, the leading character named Hamlet experiences loneliness…show more content…
For instance, Macbeth is disheartened after his treachery to King Duncan. In the beginning, driven by his hunger of power, Macbeth decides to carry out the murder of the king and betray his kingdom. After the encouragement of his wife, he says, “I am settled, and bend up / Each corporal agent to this terrible feat” (Macbeth I, vii, 79-80). According to Gerwig (2003), he and his wife are not satisfied and contented to rest wholly their opportunity of promotion based on their merits. Consequently, they take advantage of the king’s weakness when he is their guest and seize his throne. Shortly before the end of the play, Macbeth is gradually losing his passion and willingness to live when he utters, “Out, out, brief candle! / Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player / That struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more. It is a tale / Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, / Signifying nothing” (V, v, 23-28). After learning about the harsh outcomes of his trickery such as his wife’s self-murder and his friends’ dispute to his kingship, he develops a new idea of life; life is an illusion, full of horrors and emotional disturbance, but still worthless. His strange perspective about life asserts that he is tired of living and wants his life to be over. Similarly, Hamlet also goes through astonishment and heartache as he becomes aware of his mother’s remarriage soon…show more content…
For instance, Macduff undergoes shock and disbelief when he figures out the death of his whole family. As the story progresses, Macbeth’s cruelty grows patently when he declares, “The castle of Macduff I will surprise; / Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o’ the sword / His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls / That trace him in his line” (Macbeth IV, i, 165-168). He orders to kill Macduff’s innocent women and children to eradicate a threat to his power. He also uses the devastating event to send a message that he does not fear Macduff. Later, when Macduff stumbles upon the awful and disturbing incident within his fortress, he manifests his wretchedness when he notes, “Sinful Macduff, / They were all struck for thee!” (IV, iii, 230-231). He blames and condemns himself for the death of his wife and young son; he also insists that they are slaughtered because of him and not because of anything they did. Comparably, Ophelia’s depression has also worsen due to her father’s murder. She becomes insane and sings, “They bore him barefaced on the bier / . . . And in his grave rained many a tear” (Hamlet IV, v, 165-167). Ophelia already bears unhappiness as her father and brother both oppose her close relationship with Hamlet. As a result, when she hears about the news of her father’s death and unceremonious funeral, she begins to be crazy and hysterical. At the end, she
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