Things begin to fall apart soon with the arrival of Christian missionaries who spread their religion and culture throughout the land and. Colonialism is a theme that’s constantly addressed throughout the book and is to blame for the fall of the Igbo culture and Okonkwo. The first signs of colonization come to Abame when the first white man appears. The village at first didn’t know what to expect from him. The elders of the village consulted the Oracle and soon came to the decision to kill the man because they f... ... middle of paper ... ... people and obedience to the tribal leaders and their gods.
Second, this mission acted as a channel to allow a new government to infiltrate Umuofia and challenge the laws and customs that held together the former Igbo way of life. Igbo spirituality weakened in two waves. First Christianity provided answers that the inhabitants of Umuofia and Mbanta were seeking. At the end of Part One Obierika's thoughts are expressed: Obierika was a man who thought about things. When the will of the goddess h... ... middle of paper ... ...ent the total destruction of Umuofia, it is important to remember that it is impossible for societies to stay static.
The Igbo people also lost their culture because of many unreasonable conceptions in their spirituality. To colonize the land of Nigerian tribal people or any other lands in the world, the British wisely used religion as a tool of invasion. Though the process of spreading Christianity took longer time than war and killing, the attack on belief and spirituality made the native people completely submit to the new government which generated and supported the religion that those people followed. In fact, the British missionaries succeeded in convincing the Igbo people of the new religion despite the Igbo’s conservativeness and extreme superstition. When the missionaries arrived in Mbanta, the mother land of Okonkwo, they did not achieve their goal of convincing people at the first time.
Unfortunately, a decision is made to kill the boy. After the boy dies, Okonkwo accidentally kills Ezeudu’s son. For his crime, the village determines he must spend seven years in exile to appease the gods.
Things Fall Apart, a novel by Chinua Achebe, contrasts significantly to the demeaned African society portrayed in the film Mr. Johnson. The novel centers on Okonkwo, a Nigerian tribal leader who desperately wants to succeed in the world. Life in his village is traditional and observed conventional African customs. However, due to an accidental homicide, Okonkwo is exiled for seven years. Upon his return, he finds that the village and his way of life has fallen apart, hence the title of the novel.
He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart." As the British colonized the areas of Nigeria inhabited by the Ibo, they brought with them their new religion of Christianity, which sought to overrun the traditional animist way of life that had endured in the area for centuries. The new religion was treated with skepticism early on, but the lure of the wealth that British traders brought into the city, along with the support of the British government and judicial system eventually displaced Ibo society completely. Although many historians make the assertion that the tribes’ conversion to Christianity by English missionaries was responsible, even noble, the truth is that the fragmentation of Ibo culture was not for the love of God, but for the love of money and power. For the colonialists, Christianity was used as an effective wedge between the Ibo and their land.
Achebe included some of the positive and negative aspects of Ibo culture and it is through some of his characters that he voiced objection to some of the Ibo the customs and beliefs. During Ezeudu`s funeral, Okonkwo`s gun fire accidentally into Euzeudu`s sixteen year old son. Because killing a clansman was a crime against earth goddess, Okonkwo had to take his family into exile for seven years. Men from Ezeudus`s clan burned Okonkwo`s huts and kill his animals to wash the village of his sin. “Why should a man suffer so grievously for an offense he had committed advertently?”(Achebe 125).
In the same way, Okonkwo, protagonist of Things Fall Apart is torn between the loyalties he has for his home land, Umuofia and his mother land Mbanta. As Okonkwo is steadily progressing towards the highest title in the tribe, fate removes him from his race ruthlessly. Umuofia has been portrayed as an organic society with established religious practices and governance. But this organic society becomes divided and virtually loses all energy only to finally fall into pieces at the end of the book. Following the arrival of the white missionaries in the village a cultural shift could be seen within these heterogeneous Igbo clans.
The British came bearing Christianity, a completely new and different sort of religion. Some Igbos were more than willing to convert to this new and promising religion while other’s held dear and true to their Igbo ways. Okonkwo not only held dear to his culture but did so with a vengeance. After the remaining Igbos burnt down the Christian church in anger Okonkwo thinks, “And they had done it. Okonkwo was almost happy again.”(192) The societal pressure put on Okonkwo to be strong and manly has caused him to act nearly sadistically.
Another example was when Okonkwo killed the slave that he was keeping with him which was considered as another wrong decision because he wasn’t supposed to take part in the killing. The last strike that Okonkwo was given was when everyone was at the funeral of the man who had the divine message to kill the slave and Okonkwo accidently shot the deceased man’s son, which made the village not happy at all. After this, Okonkwo was sent into exile for seven years (Achebe, 124). A couple years later, missionaries from North America came to the village and started preaching the gospel. This is where colonialism was becoming a huge