Sartre is well known for the "Theatre engage" or Theatre 'committed', which is supposedly committed to social and/or political action. On of the major playwrights during this period was Jean-Paul Sartre. Sartre had been imprisoned in Germany in 1940 but managed to escape, and become one of the leaders of the Existential movement. Other popular playwrights were Albert Camus, and Jean Anouilh. Just like Anouilh, Camus accidentally became the spokesman for the French Underground when he wrote his famous essay, "Le Mythe de Sisyphe" or "The Myth of Sisyphus".
Brecht believed that "To think, or write, or produce a play also means to transform society, to transform the state, to subject ideologies to close scrutiny." Having established this doctrine for himself, Brecht instigated the use of epic theatre in an attempt to break from the Aristotelian definition. Although he did not approve of the Aristotelian version, he redefined the nature of catharsis to suit his needs. (Brecht 71-90) Quick to criticism the role of the audience in traditional theatre, Brecht placed particular emphasis on the eventual let down created by fantasy. "For many, the theatre is the abode where dreams are created.
Impact of Theatre on a Person Theatre throughout the ages has been an important tool in teaching valuable life lessons. As society developed so too did the forms of theatre. Epic theatre, developed by Bertolt Brecht, is a form of political theatre used to demonstrate important flaws, such as racism and world poverty, in society by alienating the audience from the presented storyline in order to have them become intellectually involved. Realism can be considered epic theatres binary opposite, appeals to the masses by using the fourth-wall technique to entice the audience to feel empathy for the character and the situations being presented. Although both forms of theatre vary greatly between acting and staging techniques, they can often share common themes.
Henrik Ibsen: The Father of Modernism in Theatre Rank, deadly pessimistic, a disease, evil to be deprecated (Bordman and Hischak 1). Who would have thought such words would be used to describe the work of the man who swept modernism into theatre? Henrik Ibsen’s life was not one to envy. The shame the surrounded his childhood and seeped into his adulthood greatly impacted his writing. Infusing his plays with highly controversial themes, which lacked the current sunny air of Victorian values which Europe held in such a high regard, which led him to make a lasting impact on theatre.
The Hollywood’s blacklist was also a manifest of extreme paranoia related to the Cold War. Americans indentified a threat to their freedoms of society and democracy which facilitated a climax of intense anti-communist sentiment during the 1940’2 and 1950’s. This study will examine the creation and influence of the Hollywood’s blacklist on a political platform, and economical consequence, and a social exile of civil liberties. The events leading American to go to extreme measures to protect their democracy against a communist takeover did not first appear with the creation of the blacklist, it began in the late 1900’s and early 1920’s a result to the First World War. Americans were intensely patriotic and more than ever protective of the American way of life, capitalism, wage systems, and heirachary of social class.
The dramatic presentation of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead adapts the formal revenge tragedy of Hamlet to a more contemporary Absurdist black comedy. Resounding with the original through its intertextual allusion, yet maintaining integrity as a separate text, the play illustrates Stoppard’s Post-modern existentialist context. This recognises that the 20th century absurdist audience no longer hold Elizabethan beliefs. Scenes are extracted from the Shakespearean Hamlet and reproduced for the contemporary context, relevant to the 1960s – described simply as: “we do onstage the things that happen off”. In this alternative world, Hamlet’s tragic hero status is marginalised, “the exterior and inward man fails to resemble”, while his rationality diminishes in Stoppard’s removal of the soliloquy scenes.
Theatre of the Absurd Essay. The Theatre of the Absurd originated from experimental Arts of the avant-garde in the 1920’s and 30’s. It highlighted the meaning of life and came about as a result of the Second World War. It was also a result of absurd plays having a highly unusual, innovative form, aiming to startle the viewers. In the Second World War, in the meaningless and godless post Second World War world, it was no longer possible to keep using traditional art forms and standards that had ceased being convincing.
The dates 1933 to 1945 marked the period of the deadly Holocaust in which many atrocities were committed against the Jewish people and minority groups not of Aryan descent. Six million innocent Jews were exterminated because of Hitler’s “Final Solution.” This paper exhibited how Adolf Hitler used the three anti-Jewish policies written in history, conversion, expulsion, and annihilation to his advantage.
As tensions escalated in Europe until the point of the Second World War, another war raged beneath the surface, unbeknownst to foreign onlookers. Not only did Hitler and Nazi Germany start an unprovoked war that took the lives of over 50 million soldiers, they also exterminated millions of innocent people for no other reason than their religion. The Holocaust began in 1933, reached its peak during the Second World War, and came to an end with the war in 1945. Hitler used the Holocaust as a mechanism to purge his German state of any lesser people (especially those of Jewish heritage) that might be of some threat to his superior Aryan race. As a result of the Holocaust, millions of men, women, and children of various national, ethnic, and social backgrounds died or had their lives impacted forever.
Adolf Hitler used propaganda throughout Germany to brainwash people to believe that the Jews are our “misfortune.” Some of the tools that he used as propaganda against the Hews was the weekly newspaper called the “der sturmer” which meant the attacker. At the front of all the newspapers it said in bold that the Jews are our misfortune. There were also many cartoons that showed Jews as if they were hooked-nosed. The influence of the newspaper was spreading fast and by 1938 almost half a million copies where distributed a week. It is still a mystery whether or not Adolf Hitler committed suicide and killed himself, or if he was murdered.