The question of a representative democracy: where should the power go

Satisfactory Essays
The Founders were confronted with a multitude of concerns in the establishment of an American democracy, a fundamental one being how to best apportion power in order to avoid the rule of a “tyrant” individual person or group. The Founders answered this issues with conflicting ideals, and through their experiences in the Revolutionary War and the Articles of Confederation, arrived at a compromise, ratifying the U.S. Constitution
The manner in which power in America was balanced was a direct result of being subject to British rule. Authority in the English system was highly centralized, with the power predominately held by crown and parliament. Due to salutary neglect, the colonists had at first became accustomed to managing their own affairs, but in the years prior to the Revolution, had lost the ability to do so when the national government stepped in to exert more control. The colonists dissented, subject to the wishes Grenville ministry, an ocean away, rather than their own. Thus, it was the actions such an overbearing national authority that resulted in the spreading of the notion of independence, creating a climate hostile to a large central bureaucracy, leading to the Revolution and the establishment of the United States under the Articles of Confederation, an attempt to set a framework opposite that of England.
“The American War”, Thomas Jefferson claimed, had ended, but that this was “far from the case with the American Revolution” The young America would undergo radical shifts in regards to its structure. In America's first years, the Revolutionaries predominantly wished for a decentralized government. Having fought opposed an overbearing national authority from England, they had no desire to establish such an all powe...

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...ouse legislature, maintaining the position as in the Articles that states should be represented equally, regardless of size, a proposal that emphasized the belief that states were sovereign entities. Though the former received more support, the great fugue was resolved through the Great Compromise. The bicameral structure was chosen, with the Virginia Plan's state-proportional membership adopted for the House of Representatives, and the New Jersey Plan's equal membership adopted for the Senate. The events prior to and immediately after America's independence molded the ideologies of the Founders. Having put forth these ideologies, they shaped and reshaped its framework, they finally arrived at a system that balanced the state and federal powers to the best of their abilities, resulting in an unprecedented form of democracy; the American democracy which we know today.